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Flashcards in summer Deck (46):
1

black death

,...

2

flagellants

people in Germany
whip themselves to win God's forgiveness
killed Jews and attacked clergy who opposed them

3

pogrom

....,

4

statue of laborers

because they had to pay more for labor, they wanted to lower the wage rate. this limited the wages to preplague levels and forbid the mobility of peasants

5

jacquerie

northern France, castles burnt, killed knights and families,

6

wat tyler/ john ball

led English revolt

7

factors of jacquerie

destruction of normal order by black death, economic dislocation, ravages created by 100 years war, growing class tensions

8

ciompi

wool workers in Florence
cause = wages decline
effect = won concessions from municipal government (right to form guilds and be represented in government)

9

Edward III

mom = Isabella, dad = Edward II
next in line for french throne,

10

philip VI

duke of Valois, chosen to be king of France, cousin of capetians

11

causes of 100 years war

1. Henry iii (English ) gave all territory but gascony, became vassal to french king, then royal officials got into vassals business, and he gets mad
2. Edward III (e) supposed to be next in line for Capetian throne, but Philip VI was chosen
3. Edward III refused to do homage to Philip VI, Phillip seized duchy, then Edward declared war

12

changes in 100 years war

outcome depends on peasant foot soldiers, the French used the Calvary, the English used long bow

13

the long bow

more rapid speed of fire than crossbow

14

battle of crecy

1. Edward III invaded Normandy
2. Philip VI met Edward's forces at Crecy
3. Edward's arrows hurt Calvary
4. captured french's port of Calais

15

edward III

english

16

philip VI

french

17

black prince

Edward III's son, prince of whales, only burned and took France, defeated john II

18

battle of poiters

john II (french) captured by black prince

19

battle of bretinguy

ransom for john II, English territories in Gascony enlarged, Edward enforced his claims to the throne of France for john's promise to give up control over English lands in France, never really enforced

20

free companies

french plagued by them, no longer paid by English, lived off land by plunder and ransom

21

henry V

renewed war when french endured civil war as dukes of burgundy and Orleans wanted to take control of Charles VI, invaded France in 1415, reconquered Normandy and made an alliance with the duke of burgendy

22

battle of Agin court

french lost many men, and lost
Henry V against Charles VI
1415

23

treaty of troyes

Henry VI married to Catherine (daughter of Charles VI)< recognized as the heir to the French threon

24

Charles daupin

controlled southern 2/3 of France from Borges, tried to gain Orleans, helped by Joan of Arc, July 1429 crowned king and became Charles VII

25

joan of arc

born in 1412, visions commanded her to free France and have the dauphin crowned as king, with her help liberated Orleans, captured by English, witchcraft, thought to be in league with darkness because she wore men's clothing, burned in 1431

26

end of 100 years war

victory in Normandy and Aquitaine led to french victory, cannon, death of England's best commanders and instability of English government under Henry VI

27

the canon

gunpowder, Chinese invited it (11th century)

28

changes in weather pattern

heavy rains destroyed harvests, caused food storage and hunger and starvation

29

increase in population

reached upper limit of population who could be supported by existing agricultural production and technology

30

moment from over populated areas to rural areas

increase of poor people

31

chronic malnutration

constant lack of proper nutrition leads to increase infant morality, lower birthrates

32

people threw themselves with abandon into sexual and alcoholic orgies

drank, left houses, country estates

33

flagellants

people in Germany, whip themselves to win God's forgiveness, killed Jews and attacked clergy who opposed them

34

outbreak of virulent (poisonous) antisemitism

Jews were accused of causing plague by poisoning town wells

35

treated life as something cheap

violence

36

landlords (impact of black death)

labor shortage causes landlords to pay laborers more, aristocratic incomes decreased, then they sought law wage rate through statue of laborers

37

decline of number of peasants (after plague)

accelerated process of converting labor services, freeing them from obligations of servile tenure, weakening system of manor, after wage restrictions, reinstate old forms of labor service and new obligations , causing revolts

38

factors of peasant revolt (France)

destruction of normal order by black death, economic dislocation, ravages created by 100 years war, growing class tenstions

39

peasant revolts in france

jacquerie

40

cause of English peasant revolts

monarchy's attempt to raise revenues by imposing a poll tax/ flat charge on each adult member of population and the peasants refused

41

English peasant revolts

Watt Tyler and John Ball lead, in the end: the rebels were killed, after king Richard II tricked them and saying would help them, they were arrested, poll tax was eliminated

42

revolts in cities

decline in trade (restrict competition and resist demands of lower class), Ciompi (urban areas )

43

Economic and social impact of Black Death

Landlords, decline of number of peasants, peasant revolts, changes I weather patterns, increase in population, movement to rural places, flagellants, blame Jews, prices dropped,

44

start of plague

mongols created empire, trade routes, more rats come

45

pogrom

jewish people were accused of starting plague, community organized who killed jews, jews seen as scapegoats

46

cuase revolts in cities

oversupply of goods and immediate drop in demand led to decline in trade,