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Flashcards in The artistic renaissace Deck (38):
1

renaissance aritsts

considered the imitation of nature their primary goal, to persuade onlookers of the reality of the object or even they were portraying, human beings became the focus of attention

2

masaccio

cycle of frescoes in Brancacci chapel has long been regarded as the first masterpiece of early renaissance art, use of monumental figures, more realistic relationship between figures and landscape and visual representation of the laws of perspective a new realistic style of painting was born, his massive three dimensional human figures provided a model for later generations of Florentine artists

3

Early Renaissance Art

renaissance tyle modified, experimental trend (mathematics and anatomy), human nude = preoccupation, invension (botticiellli), architecutre (brunneschili) and scultpure (donatello), portature(delcartion of human individuality)

4

new renaissance style with painters

new renaissance style was absorbed and modified by other Florentine painters in the 15th century, development of an experimental trend that took two directions

5

Donato di Donatello

spent time in Rome, statue of David

6

statue of david

donato di Dontello, celebrated Florentine heroism in the triumph of Florence over the Milanese in 1428, radiated a simplicity and strength that reflected the dignity of humanity

7

Filippo brunelleschi

Rome, Duonomo, Church of San Lorenzo

8

Duomo

unfinished befre Burnellleschi sarted, new techniques and machinery

9

church of San Lorenzo

Brunelleschi, created a church interior very different from that of the great medieval cathedrals, created an environment that did not overwhelm the worshiper materially and psychologically, comforted as a space created to fit human, not divine, measurements

10

Renaissance portaiture

declarations of human individuality evident in portraiture, render facial features revealies inner qualities

11

High Renaissance

end of fifteenth century, individuliastic forms of creative expresssion, rome is the cultural center

12

Leonardo da Vinci

experimental (dissecting), stressed idelization of nature (create an ideal form), last supper

13

Last Supper

organiation of space and use of perspective to make it look 3-D

14

rapheal

madonnas (famous for), attempted to achieve ideal beauty, school of Athens

15

Michelangelo

driven by passion and desire, influenced by neoplastism

16

creation of adam

Michelangelo, Adam reveals an ideal type of human being with perfect proportions, the beauty of these figures is meant to be a reflection of divine beauty: the more beautiful the body, the more God-like the figure

17

David

Michelangelo, maintained that the form of a statue already resided in the uncarved piece of stone, proudly proclaims the beauty of the human body and the glory of human beings

18

Donato Bramante

came from Urbino, tempietto and columns doem

19

Tempietto

Bramante, summarized the architectural ideals of the high Renaissance,

20

Columns dome

recaptured the grandeur of ancient Rome

21

Middle Ages

arists seen as artisians

22

High Renaissance

artists seen as aritstiic genises with creative energies akin to devine, able to profit and rise on social scale

23

early Renaissance

arists were apprenitices then masters, seen as articisn, patrons determine both the content and the purpose of the paintings and pieces of sculpture they commissioned

24

Italian artists

treid to master technical skills that allowed them to portray humans in a reaslitsc setting

25

northern (low countries) artists

detail detail detail,
tried to imitate nature by observation and detail instead of perspective
emphasis on emotional intensity of religious feelings
started to go to italy and become influenced (durer)

26

Jan van Eyck

first to use oil paint, comprehension of perspective was still uncertain, northern artist, Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride

27

Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride

Eycks, attention to detail, precise portraits,

28

Sandro Botticelli

interest in Greek and Roman mythology was well reflected in Primavera, was one of Lorenzo the Magnificent prominent member, figures are well defined and poses an other worldly quality that is far removed from realism that characterized the painting of the early renaissance

29

Primavera

Botticelli, set in the garden of Venus

30

Guillamue Dufay

most important composer of his ear, greatest contribution was a change in the composition of the Mass, first to use secular tunes, combined medieval and early Renaissance style

31

music during the Renaissance

music ceased to be used chiefly in the service of God and moved into the secular world of courts and cities

32

madrigal

chief form of secular music, a poem set to music, usually 12 line poems written in vernacular, mid-16th century madrigal's were written for five or six voices with text painting and it had spread to England

33

school of athens

Raphael, reveals a world of balance, harmony, and order the underlying principles of the art of the Classical world of Greece and Rome

34

Sistine Chapel in Rome

Michelangelo, influence of Neoplatosim was evident in his figures of ceiling of Sistine Chapel, pope Julius II commissioned him to decorate the chapel ceiling

35

middle ages

artists were largely viewed as artisans

36

Albrecht Durer

greatly affected by Italians, northern artist, after two trips to Italy, absorbed most of what the Italians could teach, wrote detailedtreatises on both sbuejcts

37

Adoration of the Magi

did not reject the use of minute details characteristic of northern artists, tried to integrate those details more harmoniously into his works and achieve a standard of ideal beauty by a careful examination of human form

38

text painting

music tried to portray the literal meaning of the text