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Medical Terminology > Respiratory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (51):
1

bronchial tube (root)

bronch/o, bronchi/o

2

Bronchiole (root)

bronchiol/o

3

carbon dioxide

capn/o

4

dust

coni/o

5

blue

cyan/o

6

lobe

lob/o

7

straight, upright

orth/o

8

voice

phon/o

9

diaphragm

phren/o

10

pleura

pleur/o

11

air, lung

pneum/o, pneumono/o

12

breathing

spir/o

13

complete

tel/o

14

chest

thorac/o

15

smell (suffix)

-osmia

16

breathing (suffix)

-pnea

17

spitting (suffix)

-ptysis

18

pulse (suffix)

-sphyxia

19

pleural cavity; chest (suffix)

-thorax

20

Midline region where bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter/exit the lung

Hilum

21

Breathing in

inspiration

22

Breathing out

expiration

23

Subacute viral illness causing fever, hoarseness, and a barking, hacking cough. Most commonly caused by parainfluenza virus. usually lasts 5-6 days in children age 1-3.

Croup

24

Acute infection of the throat and upper resp. tract caused by bacteria. rare in US. adherent membrane all over back of throat that bleeds when removed. sore throat, adenopathy, fever, malaise.

Diptheria

25

Nosebleed. Most common cause is trauma. Bleeding responds with pressure.

Epistaxis

26

Highly communicable respiratory bacterial infection. Produces a paroxysmal spasmodic cough, ending in high pitched whoop or crow. Incubation can be 3+ weeks.

Pertussis (whooping cough)

27

Reversible airway disease caused by hyperresponsiveness of alveoli to a variety of stimuli. airway obstructed by inflammation of mucosa. wheezing, dry/chronic cough, tight chest.

Asthma

28

Chronic, irreversible abnormal dilation of the bronchi. Usually accompanied by infection and productive cough. Cough, sputum, hemoptysis, wheezing, rales, cyanosis, clubbing, barrel chest.

Bronchiectasis

29

Acute, progress inflammation of the bronchioles usually seen in children

Bronchiolitis

30

Excessive productive cough for 3 months over at least 2 consecutive years. Usually in pts over 35. Airway obstruction as a result of increased secretion of bronchial mucus and hyperplasia of mucosal lining of airways."blue bloaters". productive cough, sputum, difficulty breathing, wheezes, rhonchi

Chronic bronchitis

31

Autosomal recessive disorder of infants, children, young adults. Widespread dysfunction of exocrine glands.Chronic pulmonary disease, pancreatic insufficiency, high electrolytes in sweat. Most common lethal genetic disease; most males are infertile.

Cystic Fibrosis

32

"Lung collapse." incomplete expansion of alveoli. common to occur after surgery. tachypnea, cough, hypoxia, dull to percussion, decreased chest expansion.

Atelectasis

33

COPD characterized by enlargement of air spaces distal to terminal bronchioles, alveolar wall destruction. Age >50, mild cough, dyspnea, barrel chest, hyper resonant to percusson. "pink puffers"

Emphysema

34

Central location, sensitive to chemotherapy, surgery not indicated, poor prognosis (2-4 months from diagnosis to death)

Small cell lung cancer

35

90% of lung cancer. Squamous, large cell, and adenocarcinoma. Poor response to chemotherapy, treated with surgery if early stage. Prognosis varies.

Non-Small cell lung cancer

36

Leading cause of cancer death in both men and women in the US.

Lung Cancer

37

Occupational pulmonary fibrotic disease resulting in the inhalation of an offending agent. Well-defined pulmonary nodular fibrosis.

Pneumoconiosis

38

Black lung disease (coal dust)

athracosis

39

Asbestos particles

Asbestosis

40

Silica/glass

Silicosis

41

Infection of the lung parenchyma. Organisms invade the lower respiratory tract via inhalation, aspiration, etc. Fever, productive cough, purulent sputum, dyspnea, chills, wheezing, rales.

Pneumonia

42

Infection of the lung resulting from material aspirated. Superior segment of a lower lobe and posterior segment of an upper lobe are most commonly affected. Acute onset, fever, mailaise, anorexia, weight loss, productive cough, decreased breath sounds

Pulmonary abscess

43

swelling and fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles. SOB, DOE, PND, orthopnea, cough, pink frothy sputum, rales, tachycardia, often seen with CHF.

pulmonary edema

44

Blood clot obstructing pulmonary vasculature. anxiety, apprehension, diaphoresis, cp, cough, dyspnea, hemoptysis, fever, cyanosis

pulmonary embolism (PE)

45

Scarring of the lung. Air sacs become replaced by fibrotic tissue. Irreversible loss of tissue's ability to transfer oxygen into the bloodstream.

Pulmonary fibrosis

46

Non-infections multisystem disease of uknown causes; small nodules (granulomas) develop. Bilateral hilar adenopathy, pulmonary infiltrates, ocular and skin lesions. More common in African Americans and females. Treat with steroids.

Sarcoidosis

47

Cough, sputum production, hemoptysis, fever, night sweats, weight loss, malaise, adenopathy, pleuritic chest pain.

Tuberculosis (TB)

48

Malignant tumor from the pleura. Associated with exposure to asbestos.

Mesothelioma

49

Accumulation of excessive fluid in the pleural space resulting from an underlying disease. Transudative or exudative. pleuritic chest pain and dyspnea, decreased breath sounds, dull percussion

pleural effusion

50

Inflammation of the pleura, characterized by sharp, localized, fleeting chest pain. Pain may refer to the shoulders.

Pleurisy (pleuritis)

51

Accumulation of free air between the visceral and parietal pleural layers, caused by a break in the lung surface. Sudden sharp chest pain, dyspnea. Primary spontaneous (tall, thin, young males), Large (diminished breath sounds, hyporesonance), Tension (from trauma)

Pneumothorax