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Flashcards in Review Session Part 1 Deck (20):

An abnormally rapid rate of respiration usually of more than 20 breaths per minute is known as _______. 

A.) bradypnea

B.) eupnea

C.) hyperventilation

D.) tachypnea

D.) tachypnea


An abnormally slow heart rate of less than 60 beats per minute is known as _______.

A.) atrial fibrillation

B.) bradycardia

C.) palpitation

D.) tachycardia

B.) bradycardia


The suffix _______ means surgical fixation.

A.) -desis

B.) -lysis

C.) -pexy

D.) -ptosis

C.) -pexy


The presence of glucose in the urine is known as _______.

A.) albuminuria

B.) calciuria

C.) glycosuria

D.) hematuria

C.) glycosuria


A collection of pus within a body cavity is known as a/an _______.

A.) cyst

B.) empyema

C.) hernia

D.) tumor

B.) empyema


The grating sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move together is known as ________.

A.) closed reduction

B.) osteoclasis

C.) callus

D.) crepitation

D.) crepitation


The abnormal development or growth of cells is known as _______.

A.) anaplasia

B.) dysplasia

C.) hyperplasia

D.) hypertrophy

B.) dysplasia


Which form of anemia is a genetic disorder? 

A.) aplastic

B.) hemolytic

C.) megaloblastic

D.) sickle cell

D.) sickle cell


The processes through which the body maintains a constant internal environment are known as _______.

A.) hemothorax

B.) homeostasis

C.) hypophysis

D.) metabolism

B.) homeostasis


_______ is an inflammation of the myelin sheath of peripheral nerves, characterized by rapidly worsening muscle weakness that can lead to temporary paralysis. 

A.) Bell's palsy

B.) Guillain-Barré syndrome

C.) Lou Gehrig's disease

D.) Raynaud's phenomenon

B.) Guillain-Barré syndrome


The term _______ describes weakness or wearing away of body tissues and structures caused by pathology or by disuse of the muscle over a long period of time. 

A.) adhesion

B.) ankylosis

C.) atrophy

D.) contracture

C.) atrophy


The suffix _______ means blood or blood condition.

A.) -emia

B.) -oma

C.) -pnea

D.) -uria

A.) -emia


The procedure in which an anastomosis is created between the upper portion of the stomach and the duodenum is a/an _______.

A.) esophagogastrectomy

B.) esophagoplasty

C.) gastroduodenostomy

D.) gastrostomy

C.) gastroduodenostomy


Another term for conventional, or Western, medical practices and systems of health care ________ is medicine. 

A.) alternative

B.) complementary

C.) allopathic

D.) gastrostomy

C.) allopathic


The term ________ means abnormal enlargement of the liver. 

A.) hepatitis

B.) hepatomalacia

C.) hepatomegaly

D.) hepatorrhexis

C.) hepatomegaly


The term describing the prolapse of a kidney is _______.

A.) hydronephrosis

B.) nephroptosis

C.) nephropyosis

D.) nephropexy

B.) nephroptosis


Which of these conditions is commonly known as a bruise? 

A.) ecchymosis

B.) epistaxis

C.) hematoma

D.) lesion

A.) ecchymosis


The acute respiratory infection known as _________ is characterized in children and infants by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and a barking cough. 

A.) asthma

B.) croup

C.) diphteria

D.) pneumonia

B.) croup


_______ is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s own antibodies attack and destroy the cells of the thyroid gland. 

A.) Conn's disease

B.) Hashimoto's disease

C.) Lou Gehrig's disease

D.) Graves' disease

B.) Hashimoto's disease


Which sexually transmitted disease can be detected through the VDRL blood test before the lesions appear? 

A.) chlamydia

B.) gonorrhea

C.) syphilis

D.) trichomoniasis

C.) syphilis