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Flashcards in Review Session Part 1 Deck (20):
1

An abnormally rapid rate of respiration usually of more than 20 breaths per minute is known as _______. 

A.) bradypnea

B.) eupnea

C.) hyperventilation

D.) tachypnea

D.) tachypnea

2

An abnormally slow heart rate of less than 60 beats per minute is known as _______.

A.) atrial fibrillation

B.) bradycardia

C.) palpitation

D.) tachycardia

B.) bradycardia

3

The suffix _______ means surgical fixation.

A.) -desis

B.) -lysis

C.) -pexy

D.) -ptosis

C.) -pexy

4

The presence of glucose in the urine is known as _______.

A.) albuminuria

B.) calciuria

C.) glycosuria

D.) hematuria

C.) glycosuria

5

A collection of pus within a body cavity is known as a/an _______.

A.) cyst

B.) empyema

C.) hernia

D.) tumor

B.) empyema

6

The grating sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move together is known as ________.

A.) closed reduction

B.) osteoclasis

C.) callus

D.) crepitation

D.) crepitation

7

The abnormal development or growth of cells is known as _______.

A.) anaplasia

B.) dysplasia

C.) hyperplasia

D.) hypertrophy

B.) dysplasia

8

Which form of anemia is a genetic disorder? 

A.) aplastic

B.) hemolytic

C.) megaloblastic

D.) sickle cell

D.) sickle cell

9

The processes through which the body maintains a constant internal environment are known as _______.

A.) hemothorax

B.) homeostasis

C.) hypophysis

D.) metabolism

B.) homeostasis

10

_______ is an inflammation of the myelin sheath of peripheral nerves, characterized by rapidly worsening muscle weakness that can lead to temporary paralysis. 

A.) Bell's palsy

B.) Guillain-Barré syndrome

C.) Lou Gehrig's disease

D.) Raynaud's phenomenon

B.) Guillain-Barré syndrome

11

The term _______ describes weakness or wearing away of body tissues and structures caused by pathology or by disuse of the muscle over a long period of time. 

A.) adhesion

B.) ankylosis

C.) atrophy

D.) contracture

C.) atrophy

12

The suffix _______ means blood or blood condition.

A.) -emia

B.) -oma

C.) -pnea

D.) -uria

A.) -emia

13

The procedure in which an anastomosis is created between the upper portion of the stomach and the duodenum is a/an _______.

A.) esophagogastrectomy

B.) esophagoplasty

C.) gastroduodenostomy

D.) gastrostomy

C.) gastroduodenostomy

14

Another term for conventional, or Western, medical practices and systems of health care ________ is medicine. 

A.) alternative

B.) complementary

C.) allopathic

D.) gastrostomy

C.) allopathic

15

The term ________ means abnormal enlargement of the liver. 

A.) hepatitis

B.) hepatomalacia

C.) hepatomegaly

D.) hepatorrhexis

C.) hepatomegaly

16

The term describing the prolapse of a kidney is _______.

A.) hydronephrosis

B.) nephroptosis

C.) nephropyosis

D.) nephropexy

B.) nephroptosis

17

Which of these conditions is commonly known as a bruise? 

A.) ecchymosis

B.) epistaxis

C.) hematoma

D.) lesion

A.) ecchymosis

18

The acute respiratory infection known as _________ is characterized in children and infants by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and a barking cough. 

A.) asthma

B.) croup

C.) diphteria

D.) pneumonia

B.) croup

19

_______ is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s own antibodies attack and destroy the cells of the thyroid gland. 

A.) Conn's disease

B.) Hashimoto's disease

C.) Lou Gehrig's disease

D.) Graves' disease

B.) Hashimoto's disease

20

Which sexually transmitted disease can be detected through the VDRL blood test before the lesions appear? 

A.) chlamydia

B.) gonorrhea

C.) syphilis

D.) trichomoniasis

C.) syphilis