Review Session Part 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Review Session Part 3 Deck (20):

When he fell, Manuel tore the posterior femoral muscles in his left leg. This is known as a/an _______ injury. 

A.) Achilles tendon

B.) hamstring

C.) myofascial

D.) shin splint

B.) hamstring


Mrs. Valladares has a bacterial infection of the lining of her heart.  This condition is known as bacterial _______.

A.) endocarditis

B.) myocarditis

C.) pericarditis

D.) valvulitis

A.) endocarditis


The condition of ________ is commonly known as tooth decay.

A.) dental caries

B.) dental plaque

C.) gingivitis

D.) periodontal disease

A.) dental caries


Henry was diagnosed as having an inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone.  Which term describes this condition? 

A.) encephalitis

B.) meningitis

C.) osteomyelitis

D.) myelosis

C.) osteomyelitis


The term for an inflammation of the sheath surrounding a tendon is _____.

A.) bursitis

B.) tendinitis

C.) fascitis

D.) tenosynovitis

D.) tenosynovitis


The term _______ describes drooping of the upper eyelid that is usually due to paralysis. 

A.) ptosis

B.) dacryocystitis

C.) scleritis

D.) dacryoadenitis

A.) ptosis


The combining form _______ means old age.

A.) percuss/o 

B.) presby/o

C.) prurit/o

D.) pseud/o

B.) presby/o


Mr. Ramirez had a heart attack.  His physican recorded this as _______.

A.) angina

B.) a myocardial infarction

C.) congestive heart failure

D.) ischemic heart disease

B.) a myocardial infarction


________ is an abnormal increase in the number of red cells in the blood due to excess production of these cells by the bone marrow. 

A.) anemia

B.) polycythemia

C.) thrombocytosis

D.) thrombocytopenia

B.) polycythemia


The common skin disorder _______ is characterized by flare-ups in which red papules covered with silvery scales occur on the elbows, knees, scalp, back, or buttocks. 

A.) ichthyosis

B.) systemic lupus erythematosus

C.) psoriasis

D.) rosacea

C.) psoriasis


________ is a group of disorders involving the parts of the brain that control thought, memory, and language. 

A.) Alzheimer's disease

B.) catatonic behavior

C.) persistent vegetative state

D.) Reye's syndrome

A.) Alzheimer's disease


A/An ________ is a physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation with the focus on restoring function. 

A.) exercise physiologist

B.) orthopedist

C.) physiatrist

D.) rheumatologist

C.) physiatrist


The term _______  describes a bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaces it with fibrous tissue. 

A.) costochondritis

B.) fibrous dysplasia

C.) osteomyelitis

D.) periostitis

B.) fibrous dysplasia


Slight paralysis of one side of the body is known as _______.

A.) hemiparesis

B.) hemiplegia

C.) myoparesis

D.) quadriplegia

A.) hemiparesis


The _______ are the specialized cells that play an important role in blood clotting.

A.) basophils

B.) erythrocytes

C.) leukocytes

D.) thrombocytes

D.) thrombocytes


The term _______ describes blood in the urine.

A.) hemangioma

B.) hematemesis

C.) hematoma

D.) hematuria

D.) hematuria


The ________ receives the sound vibrations and relays them to the auditory nerve fibers.

A.) cochlea

B.) eustachian tube

C.) organ of Corti

D.) semicircular canal

C.) organ of Corti


The _______ patrol the body, searching for antigens that produce infections.  When such a cell is found, these cells grab, swallow, and internally break apart the captured antigen. 

A.) B cells

B.) dendritic cells

C.) interleukins

D.) T cells

B.) dendritic cells


The medical term for the congenital condition commonly known as clubfoot is _______.

A.) hallux valgus

B.) rickets

C.) spasmodic torticollis

D.) talipes

D.) talipes


A ______ is a normal scar resulting from the healing of a wound. 

A.) callus

B.) cicatrix

C.) crepitus

D.) keloid

B.) cicatrix