Review Session Part 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Review Session Part 3 Deck (20):
1

When he fell, Manuel tore the posterior femoral muscles in his left leg. This is known as a/an _______ injury. 

A.) Achilles tendon

B.) hamstring

C.) myofascial

D.) shin splint

B.) hamstring

2

Mrs. Valladares has a bacterial infection of the lining of her heart.  This condition is known as bacterial _______.

A.) endocarditis

B.) myocarditis

C.) pericarditis

D.) valvulitis

A.) endocarditis

3

The condition of ________ is commonly known as tooth decay.

A.) dental caries

B.) dental plaque

C.) gingivitis

D.) periodontal disease

A.) dental caries

4

Henry was diagnosed as having an inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone.  Which term describes this condition? 

A.) encephalitis

B.) meningitis

C.) osteomyelitis

D.) myelosis

C.) osteomyelitis

5

The term for an inflammation of the sheath surrounding a tendon is _____.

A.) bursitis

B.) tendinitis

C.) fascitis

D.) tenosynovitis

D.) tenosynovitis

6

The term _______ describes drooping of the upper eyelid that is usually due to paralysis. 

A.) ptosis

B.) dacryocystitis

C.) scleritis

D.) dacryoadenitis

A.) ptosis

7

The combining form _______ means old age.

A.) percuss/o 

B.) presby/o

C.) prurit/o

D.) pseud/o

B.) presby/o

8

Mr. Ramirez had a heart attack.  His physican recorded this as _______.

A.) angina

B.) a myocardial infarction

C.) congestive heart failure

D.) ischemic heart disease

B.) a myocardial infarction

9

________ is an abnormal increase in the number of red cells in the blood due to excess production of these cells by the bone marrow. 

A.) anemia

B.) polycythemia

C.) thrombocytosis

D.) thrombocytopenia

B.) polycythemia

10

The common skin disorder _______ is characterized by flare-ups in which red papules covered with silvery scales occur on the elbows, knees, scalp, back, or buttocks. 

A.) ichthyosis

B.) systemic lupus erythematosus

C.) psoriasis

D.) rosacea

C.) psoriasis

11

________ is a group of disorders involving the parts of the brain that control thought, memory, and language. 

A.) Alzheimer's disease

B.) catatonic behavior

C.) persistent vegetative state

D.) Reye's syndrome

A.) Alzheimer's disease

12

A/An ________ is a physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation with the focus on restoring function. 

A.) exercise physiologist

B.) orthopedist

C.) physiatrist

D.) rheumatologist

C.) physiatrist

13

The term _______  describes a bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaces it with fibrous tissue. 

A.) costochondritis

B.) fibrous dysplasia

C.) osteomyelitis

D.) periostitis

B.) fibrous dysplasia

14

Slight paralysis of one side of the body is known as _______.

A.) hemiparesis

B.) hemiplegia

C.) myoparesis

D.) quadriplegia

A.) hemiparesis

15

The _______ are the specialized cells that play an important role in blood clotting.

A.) basophils

B.) erythrocytes

C.) leukocytes

D.) thrombocytes

D.) thrombocytes

16

The term _______ describes blood in the urine.

A.) hemangioma

B.) hematemesis

C.) hematoma

D.) hematuria

D.) hematuria

17

The ________ receives the sound vibrations and relays them to the auditory nerve fibers.

A.) cochlea

B.) eustachian tube

C.) organ of Corti

D.) semicircular canal

C.) organ of Corti

18

The _______ patrol the body, searching for antigens that produce infections.  When such a cell is found, these cells grab, swallow, and internally break apart the captured antigen. 

A.) B cells

B.) dendritic cells

C.) interleukins

D.) T cells

B.) dendritic cells

19

The medical term for the congenital condition commonly known as clubfoot is _______.

A.) hallux valgus

B.) rickets

C.) spasmodic torticollis

D.) talipes

D.) talipes

20

A ______ is a normal scar resulting from the healing of a wound. 

A.) callus

B.) cicatrix

C.) crepitus

D.) keloid

B.) cicatrix