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Flashcards in Final Test Part 1 Deck (20):
1

The term _______ describes a torn or jagged wound.

A.) fissure

B.) fistula

C.) laceration

D.) lesion

C.) laceration

2

The bone and soft tissues that surround and support the teeth are known as the _______.

A.) dentition

B.) rugae

C.) gingiva

D.) periodontium

D.) periodontium

3

A chronic condition in which the heart is unable to pump out all of the blood that it receives is known as _______.

A.) atrial fibrillation

B.) heart failure

C.) tachycardia

D.) ventricular fibrillation

B.) heart failure

4

Inflammation of the connective tissues that encloses the spinal cord and brain is known as _______.

A.) encephalitis

B.) encelphalopathy

C.) meningitis

D.) myelopathy

C.) meningitis

5

________ is the partial or complete blockage of the small and/or large intestine that is caused by the stopping of normal intestinal peristalsis. 

A.) Crohn's disease

B.) ileus

C.) intussusception

D.) intestinal obstruction

B.) ileus

6

The term ________ describes a condition in which the eye does not focus properly because of uneven curvatures of the cornea. 

A.) ametropia

B.) astigmatism

C.) ectropion

D.) entropion

B.) astigmatism

7

A procedure in which pressurized fluid is used to clean out wound debris is known as ________.

A.) irrigation and debridement

B.) dilation and curettage

C.) incision and drainage

D.) dermabrasion

A.) irrigation and debridement

8

The term _______ describes persistent severe burning pain that usually follows an injury to a sensory nerve. 

A.) causalgia

B.) hyperesthesia

C.) paresthesia

D.) peripheral neuropathy

A.) causalgia

9

A/An ________ is performed to reduce the risk of a stroke caused by a disruption of the blood flow to the brain.

A.) aneurysmectomy

B.) arteriectomy

C.) carotid endarterectomy

D.) coronary artery bypass graft

C.) carotid endarterectomy

10

The term _______ means bleeding from the ear.

A.) barotrauma

B.) otomycosis

C.) otopyorrhea

D.) otorrhagia

D.) otorrhagia

11

The medical term meaning itching is _______.

A.) perfusion

B.) pruritus

C.) purpura

D.) suppuration

B.) pruritus

12

________ is a condition characterized by episodes of severe chest pain due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium. 

A.) angina

B.) claudication

C.) cyanosis

D.) myocardial infarction

A.) angina

13

The greenish material that forms the first stools of a newborn is known as ______.

A.) colostrum

B.) lochia

C.) meconium

D.) vernix

C.) meconium

14

A/An ________ is the result of medical treatment that yields the exact opposite of normally expected results. 

A.) drug interaction

B.) paradoxical reaction

C.) placebo

D.) idiosyncratic reaction

B.) paradoxical reaction

15

A ________ is a prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease or disorder. 

A.) differential diagnosis

B.) diagnosis

C.) prognosis

D.) syndrome

C.) prognosis

16

________ is a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the eyes. 

A.) vitiligo

B.) jaundice

C.) erythema

D.) albinism

B.) jaundice

17

A/An _______ occurs at the lower end of the radius when a person tries to break a fall by landing on his or her hands. 

A.) Colles' fracture

B.) comminuted fracture

C.) osteoporotic hip fracture

D.) spiral fracture

A.) Colles' fracture

18

The term _______ describes excessive urination during the night.

A.) nocturia

B.) polydipsia

C.) polyuria

D.) urinary retention

A.) nocturia

19

A closed sac associated with a sebaceous gland that contains yellow, fatty material is known as a _______.

A.) comedo

B.) sebaceous cyst

C.) seborrheic dermatitis

D.) seborrheic keratosis

B.) sebaceous cyst

20

The term _______ describes the condition commonly known as swollen glands. 

A.) adenoiditis

B.) vasculitis

C.) lymphadenitis

D.) lymphangioma

C.) lymphadenitis