Final Test Part 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final Test Part 4 Deck (20):
1

The contraction of the pupil, normally in response to exposure to light, but also possibly due to the use of prescription or illegal drugs, is known as _______. 

A.) nystagmus

B.) mydriasis

C.) miosis

D.) mycosis

C.) miosis

2

The term _______ means excessive urination.

A.) enuresis

B.) oliguria

C.) overactive bladder

D.) polyuria

D.) polyuria

3

The surgical removal of the gallbladder is known as a _______.

A.) cholecystectomy

B.) cholecystostomy

C.) cholecystotomy

D.) choledocholithotomy 

A.) cholecystectomy

4

An elevated _______ indicates the presence of inflammation in the body.

A.) complete blood cell count

B.) erythrocyte sedimentation rate

C.) platelet count

D.) total hemoglobin test 

B.) erythrocyte sedimentation rate

5

A/An _______ is a groove or crack-like break in the skin.

A.) abrasion

B.) fissure

C.) laceration

D.) ulcer 

B.) fissure

6

A/An _______ injection is made into the fatty layer just below the skin. 

A.) intradermal

B.) intramuscular

C.) intravenous

D.) subcutaneous 

D.) subcutaneous

7

The ______ has roles in both the immune and endocrine systems. 

A.) pancreas

B.) pituitary

C.) spleen

D.) thymus

D.) thymus

8

The medical term _______ describes an inflammation of the brain.

A.) encephalitis

B.) mastitis

C.) meningitis

D.) myelitis 

A.) encephalitis

9

The hormone secreted by fat cells is known as _______.

A.) interstitial cell-stimulating hormone

B.) growth hormone

C.) leptin

D.) neurohormone 

C.) leptin

10

A type of catheter made of a flexible tube with a balloon filled with sterile water at the end to hold it in place in the bladder is known as a ______ catheter.

A.) Foley

B.) indwelling

C.) suprapubic

D.) intermittent

A.) Foley

11

A/An _______ is acquired in a hospital or clinic setting.

A.) unctional disorder

B.) iatrogenic illness

C.) idiopathic disorder

D.) nosocomial infection 

D.) nosocomial infection 

12

A type of pneumonia contracted during a stay in the hospital when the patient’s defenses are impaired is known as _______ pneumonia.

A.) hospital-acquired

B.) aspiration

C.)  community-acquired

D.) walking 

A.) hospital-acquired

13

The term _______ describes an eye disorder that can develop as a complication of diabetes.

A.) diabetic neuropathy

B.) diabetic retinopathy

C.) papilledema

D.) retinal detachment 

B.) diabetic retinopathy

14

The physical wasting with the loss of weight and muscle mass due to diseases such as advanced cancer is known as _______.

A.) cachexia

B.) anorexia nervosa

C.) bulimia nervosa

D.) malnutrition 

A.) cachexia

15

The term _______ means difficulty swallowing.

A.) aerophagia

B.) dyspepsia

C.) dysphagia

D.) eructation 

C.) dysphagia

16

A/An ______ occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks or ruptures.

A.) cerebral hematoma

B.) embolism

C.) hemorrhagic stroke

D.) ischemic stroke 

C.) hemorrhagic stroke

17

The hormonal disorder known as _______ results from the pituitary gland producing too much growth hormone in adults.

A.) acromegaly

B.) cretinism

C.) gigantism

D.) pituitarism 

A.) acromegaly

18

The term _______ describes the condition commonly known an ingrown toenail.

A.) cryptorchidism

B.) onychocryptosis

C.) onychomycosis

D.) priapism

B.) onychocryptosis

19

An _______ is the instrument used to examine the interior of the eye.

A.) ophtalmoscope

B.) ophthalmoscope

C.) opthalmoscope

D.) opthlmoscope 

B.) ophthalmoscope

20

A/An _______ is a protrusion of part of the stomach upward into the chest through an opening in the diaphragm. 

A.) esophageal hernia

B.) esophageal varices

C.) hiatal hernia

D.) hiatal varices 

C.) hiatal hernia