Review Session Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Review Session Part 2 Deck (20):
1

A blood clot attached to the interior wall of a vein or artery is known as a/an ________.

A.) embolism

B.) embolus

C.) thrombosis

D.) thrombus

D.) thrombus

2

The term ________ describes the removal of a body part or the destruction of its function through the use of surgery, hormones, drugs, heat, chemicals, electrocautery, or other methods. 

A.) ablation

B.) abrasion

C.) cryosurgery

D.) exfoliative cytology

A.) ablation

3

The term _______ describes any restriction to the opening of the mouth caused by trauma, surgery, or radiation associated with the treatment of oral cancer. 

A.) atresia

B.) cachexia

C.) mastication

D.) trismus

D.) trismus

4

A woman who has borne one viable child is referred to as a _______.

A.) nulligravida

B.) nullipara

C.) primigravida

D.) primipara

D.) primipara

5

The term _______ means inflammation of the pancreas.

A.) insulinoma

B.) pancreatectomy

C.) pancreatitis

D.) pancreatotomy

C.) pancreatitis

6

The condition in which excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the ventricles of the brain is known as _______.

A.) encephalocele

B.) hydrocephalus

C.) hydronephrosis

D.) hydroureter

B.) hydrocephalus

7

A ________ is the surgical fixation of a prolapsed vagina to a surrounding structure. 

A.) colpopexy

B.) colporrhaphy

C.) cystopexy

D.) cystorrhaphy

A.) colpopexy

8

The combining form metr/o means _______.

A.) breast

B.) cervix

C.) menstruation

D.) uterus

D.) uterus

9

Which statement is accurate regarding cystic fibrosis (CF)?

A.) CF is a congenital disorder in which red blood cells take on a sickle shape.

B.) CF is also known as iron overload disease.

C.) CF is a genetic disorder that affects the lungs and digestive system.

D.) CF is characterized by short-lived red blood cells. 

C.) CF is a genetic disorder that affects the lungs and digestive system.

10

The condition ________, which is thinner than average bone density, causes the patient to be at an increased risk of developing osteoporosis. 

A.) osteochondroma

B.) osteopenia

C.) osteoclerosis

D.) rickets

B.) osteopenia

11

A/An ________ is a specialist who provides medical care to women during

pregnancy, childbirth, and immediately thereafter. 

A.) geriatrician

B.) gynecologist

C.) neonatologist

D.) obstetrician

D.) obstetrician

12

_______ is characterized by exophthalmos. 

A.) Conn's syndrome

B.) Graves' disease

C.) Hashimoto's disease

D.) Huntington's disease

B.) Graves' disease

13

The hormone _______ stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth. 

A.) estrogen

B.) oxytocin

C.) progesterone

D.) testosterone

B.) oxytocin

14

A/An ________ is an unfavorable response due to prescribed medical treatment. 

A.) idiopathic disorder

B.) nosocomial infection

C.) infectious disease

D.) iatrogenic illness

D.) iatrogenic illness

15

The surgical freeing of a kidney from adhesions is known as ______.

A.) nephrolithiasis

B.) nephrolysis

C.) nephropyosis

D.) pyelitis

B.) nephrolysis

16

_______ is the tissue death of an artery or arteries.

A.) arterionecrosis

B.) arteriostenosis

C.) atherosclerosis

D.) arthrosclerosis

A.) arterionecrosis

17

The _______ plane divides the body vertically into unequal left and right portions. 

A.) frontal

B.) midsagittal

C.) sagittal

D.) transverse

C.) sagittal

18

The term _______ means toward or nearer the midline.

A.) distal

B.) dorsal

C.) medial

D.) ventral

C.) medial

19

A ________ was performed as a definitive test to determine if Alice Wilkinson has osteoporosis.

A.) bone marrow biopsy

B.) dual x-ray absorptiometry

C.) MRI

D.) nuclear bone scan

B.) dual x-ray absorptiometry

20

The term _______ means movement of a limb away from the midline of the body. 

A.) abduction

B.) adduction

C.) extension

D.) flexion

A.) abduction