SA- Organs of the GI system (pancreas, liver, intestines) Flashcards Preview

BOARDS Part 1 > SA- Organs of the GI system (pancreas, liver, intestines) > Flashcards

Flashcards in SA- Organs of the GI system (pancreas, liver, intestines) Deck (29):
1

Pancreatic hormones :
alpha cells:____
BEta cells: ____
Delta cells: ____

alpha: glucagon
beta: insulin
delta: somatostatin

2

____ art supplies the pancreas

branches of the splenic artery

3

3 lig that attach the liver to the diaphragm

1. falciform
2. coronary
3. triangular

4

____ + ____ V. = forms the portal V. to the liver

superior mesenteric V. + splenic V

5

_____ valve connects the small and large intestine

Ileo-Cecal Valve

6

______ M forms the haustrations in the Lg. intestine

Taeniae coli

7

Goblet cells:
location?
fxn?

Large intestine

fxn: secretes mucous

8

3 branches of the celiac trunk

Origin of the celiac trunk

branches:
1. L. gastric art (to the lesser curve of the stomach)
2. splenic art (spleen and pancreas)
3. Common hepatic art. (liver, pylorus, duod, pancreas)

origin: it is the first major artery off the abdominal aorta

9

Bl & N supply to the Midgut

Bl: superior mesenteric art
(R. side of the adbomen)

N: Vagus

10

N supply to for the foregut

Vagus

11

Bl. and N supply to the hindgut

Bl. : inf. mesenteric art.
(L. side of the abdomen )

N: S2-4 pelvic splanchnic

12

Bl / N suply to the bladder and urethra

bl. internal iliac art
bl. to the bladder: vesicular art (branch of internal iliac)
N: pudenal N

13

Bl/ N supply of the genitalia

Bl: pudendal art
N: pudendal N

14

the azygous begins at ___-__
drains into the _____

structures it drains:
1.
2.
3.

begins at: L1-2
drains into: SVC

structures it drains:
1. R. Abdomen
2. R & L intercostals
3. lumbars

15

hemiazygous drains _______

begings at___-___
crosses over at ____ to join the ___

drains the: L. abdomen

begins: L1-L2

crosses at T8, joins azygous

16

what veins give rise to the IVC

R and L common iliac V

17

5 structures that the Common Iliac V drains

(common Iliac gives rise to the IVC)

1. Testes/ ovaries
2. phrenic V
3. suprarenal
4. renal
5. hepatic V

18

ductus ____ is btw the L pulm. art and arch of aorta in a fetus

ductus arteriosis

19

_____ is the remnant of the L. umbilical V

ligamentum teres
(aka round lig)

20

3 branches of the thyrocervical trunk

1. Inferior thyroid art
2. suprascapular art
3. transverse cervical art

21

name the 4 suprahyoid 's

1. Stylohyoid: CN 7
2. digastric: ant-CN5, post-CN7
3. Mylohyoid: CN5
4. Geniohyoid: C1 spinal N via CN 12

(MSG for Dinner)

22

Name the 4 infrahyoid M's

N supply

T.O.S.S
1. Thyrohyoid
2. omohyoid
3. sternohyoid
4. Sternthyroid

all infrahyoid M's: ansa cervicalis
except: thyrohyoid = C1 spinal N via CN 12

23

2 M's that are attached to the hyoid Bone are innervated by C1 spinal N via CN 12

1. geniohyoid (suprahyoid M)
2. thyrohoid (infrahyoid M)

24

Dilation of the L. lymphatic duct: ____
the dilation is at the ___ level

cisterna chyli

location: L2

25

Thoracic duct drains which 5 areas

1. L side of the head
2. Neck
3. chest
4. L. upper ext.
5. entire body below the ribs

26

The thoracic duct empties into the jxn of the ____ V. and ____ V

left internal jugular V. & L subclavian V

27

the right lymphatic v drains the ___

it empties lymph into the jxn of ___ and __

drains: upper right side of the body

empties into: R. internal jugular V and R. subclavian V

28

Testicular and ovarian art comes off the ____

R. testicular/ ovarian drain into the ___
L testicular/ ovarian drain into the ____

art off the: aorta

R: IVC
L: L renal V

29

internal pudendal art. gives rise to the ____ art of the penis

dorsal art. of the penis