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Flashcards in Schizophrenia Deck (37):
1

_____________ is a mental disorder characterized by delusions, false beliefs, hallucinations of sight or sound, odd behavior, and language disturbances, but retention of normal memory and cognition.

Schizophrenia

2

(Auditory/Visual) hallucinations are most common in schizophrenia.

Auditory

3

Fabricated or invented words that hold special meaning to the creator are termed ______________.

Neologisms

4

The meaningless repetition of another person's spoken words is known as ___________.

Echolalia

5

A(n) _____________ is a fixed, false, idiosyncratic belief.

Delusion

6

______________ are perceptions without an existing external stimulus.

Hallucinations

7

A(n) _____________ is a misperception of an actual external stimulus.

Illusion

8

Schizophrenia affects about __-__% of the population worldwide.

0.5-1%

9

Schizophrenia typically has an onset between the ages of __-__ in males.

15-25

10

Schizophrenia typically has an onset between the ages of __-__ in females.

20-30

11

What are the most common conditions that result in a good prognosis for schizophrenia patients?

  • Doing well before illness
  • Abrupt onset
  • Late onset (early onset is much worse) 
  • Prominent confusion
  • Family history of mood disorder
  • Good support system
  • Married status
  • Positive symptoms (instead of negative symptoms)

12

What are the most common conditions that result in a bad prognosis for schizophrenia patients?

  • Gradual, slow onset 
  • Withdrawn, odd before illness
  • Early onset
  • Family history of psychosis/schizophrenia
  • Poor premorbid functioning
  • Negative symptoms
  • Single/divorced/widowed status
  • Poor support system

13

Increased (maternal/paternal) age increases the risk for development of schizophrenia.

Paternal

14

If one parent has schizophrenia, the children of that couple have a __% chance of developing the condition.

10%

15

If both parents have schizophrenia, the children of that couple have a __% chance of developing the condition.

50%

16

(Heroin/Cocaine/Cannabis) may increase the risk of schizophrenia.

Cannabis

17

In patients with schizophrenia, there is (increased/decreased) ventricle size in the brain.

Increased

18

In patients with schizophrenia, the thalamus is (enlarged/shrunken).

Shrunken

19

Imaging of the frontal lobe in patients afflicted with schizophrenia reveals (increased/decreased) cortical volume and (increased/decreased) activity in the frontal lobes.

Decreased and decreased

20

What is the abnormality shown in the following image?

Q image thumb

Enlarged ventricles of the brain.

21

One of the primary pathologies concerning schizophrenia is the dysregulation and imbalance of dopamine in the brain. Most often, this dysregulation results in frontal lobe (hyperactivity/hypoactivity) and limbic system (hyperactivity/hypoactivity).

  • Frontal lobe hypoactivity
  • Limbic system hyperactivity

22

What is necessary for a diagnosis of schizophrenia?

Two or more of the following, each active for at least one month. At least one of these symptoms must be 1, 2, or 3 from the list.

  1.  Hallucinations
  2. Delusions
  3. Disorganized speech (grossly bizarre language)
  4. Catatonia or grossly disorganized behavior
  5. Negative symptoms: affective flattening (decrease in emotion), alogia (absence of additional, unprompted speech), avolition (lack of drive)

These symptoms must persist for six months.

23

___________________ is a disorder consisting of schizophrenic symptoms as well as prominent mood syndromes typical of bipolar disorder, such as manic or depressive episodes.

Schizoaffective disorder

24

What are the three diagnostic criteria for schizoaffective disorder according to DSM V?

  1. An uninterrupted period of illness in which there is a major mood episode (manic or major depressive) concurrent with schizophrenia.
  2. Delusions or hallucinations for 2 or more weeks in the absence of a major mood episode.
  3. Symptoms that meet the criteria for a major mood episode are present for the majority of illness.

25

___________________ is an uncommon mental disorder in which a patient experiences prominent delusions without hallucinations or language disturbance. Patients often display paranoia, usually of a medical fixation (such as delusions of parasites or worms within their body). This disorder typically onsets later in life, around the ages of 40-50.

Delusional disorder

26

___________ describes a type of delusion in which an individual believes that someone famous is in love with them.

Erotomanic

27

___________ describes a type of delusion in which an individual believes they have some great, unparalleled talent.

Grandiose

28

___________ describes a type of delusion in which an individual believes their loved one is unfaithful or untrue.

Jealous

29

___________ describes a type of delusion in which an individual is paranoid that someone, often the government, is out to get them.

Persecutory

30

___________ describes a type of delusion in which an individual believes they have a bodily disorder, but do not.

Somatic

31

_________________ is a mental disorder in which an individual displays the symptoms associated with schizophrenia, but the symptoms are present more than 1 month but less than 6 months.

Schizophreniform disorder

32

________________ is a mental disorder characterized by symptoms usually seen in schizophrenia, but the symptoms are present more than 1 day but less than 1 month. These are often precipitated by a severe stressor or postpartum conditions.

Brief psychotic disorder

33

__-__% of people with schizophrenia commit suicide.

10-15%

34

__% of people with schizophrenia have an alcohol or other drug dependence.

50%

35

(T/F) Patients with schizophrenia often also suffer from smoking related disorders, such as COPD, or diabetes.

True.

36

Dopamine blockade causes an increase in ___________ levels.

Prolactin

37

____________ is the excessive or inappropriate production of milk. This may be brought about by increased levels of prolactin in the body.

Galactorrhea