Flashcards in Second Shift Deck (14)
define stalled revolution-
real change in women w/o consistent change in other systems including economic and social change
define family myth-
versions of reality that obscure core truths in order to manage family tension
EXAMPLE: Holt family - to keep the peace they created an equality myth
define gender ideology-
beliefs about gender and gender appropriate activity (WHAT WE THINK)
define gender strategy-
-plan of action through which a person tries to solve the problem at hand
(WHAT WE ACTUALLY DO)
-this is when you try to apply gender ideology to real life.
define economy of gratitude-
Have to give a gift partner if does not like it doesn't show gratitude
-Deals with the struggles over the giving and receiving of gifts/gratitude. They are traditional, egalitarian or cultural misalignments and misperceived gifts.
45.Define the three types of gender ideology?
1. Traditional- female identifies with home/family; male more power
2. Transitional- women try to do both, most household and paid work.While men identify with just paid work, but support wife’s desire to work
3. Egalitarian- both identify with both spheres, family and work.equitable sharing (If couple has different ideologies, will cause the most conflict)
46.What affects a man’s contribution to household work?
- The man feels like he should not have to do household work since he works at his job and makes more money .However, that excuse does not work for women
** value the couple puts on the man’s work (not money/wages but work itself)
- Self esteem, attitudes, role models of own parents, income and education
47. What do American wives in two job couples earn relative to men?
-For the last 100 years, women have made 60% to 70% of what men earn
Hoschchild findings :
-woman made $1 for every $3 a man made (worse than national average)
48.When did sharing the 2nd Shift improve marriages?
- The spouse’s WILLINGNESS to share the second shift is what influenced marital happiness
- If they SHOW GRATITUDE when sharing work
49.What was the key factor in marital happiness?
- Perception of fairness
- mens involvement or sharing of in the 2nd shift
50.What was the most common male gender ideology/strategy?
-Transitional-women do work and work at home.(ideology)
-Resistance was the common male strategy (strategy)
-women show more gratitude
51. How does the media represent women?
**women not represented accurately
-need to question the system rather than accommodate; most focus on personal competence rather than social systems, spouse, etc
**superwoman mentality: feel like they have to be very organized, be able to do everything
52. Chap. 2—how do employers benefit from paid family leave?
-->save costs on recruitment & training due to high employee turnover
-->greater job satisfaction
-->higher worker productivity