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Flashcards in Second Shift Deck (14)
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1

SECOND SHIFT

define stalled revolution-

real change in women w/o consistent change in other systems including economic and social change

2

SECOND SHIFT

define family myth-

versions of reality that obscure core truths in order to manage family tension

EXAMPLE: Holt family - to keep the peace they created an equality myth

3

SECOND SHIFT

define gender ideology-

beliefs about gender and gender appropriate activity (WHAT WE THINK)

4

SECOND SHIFT

define gender strategy-

-plan of action through which a person tries to solve the problem at hand

(WHAT WE ACTUALLY DO)

-this is when you try to apply gender ideology to real life.

5

SECOND SHIFT

define economy of gratitude-

Have to give a gift partner if does not like it doesn't show gratitude
-Deals with the struggles over the giving and receiving of gifts/gratitude. They are traditional, egalitarian or cultural misalignments and misperceived gifts.

6

SECOND SHIFT

45.Define the three types of gender ideology?

1. Traditional- female identifies with home/family; male more power

2. Transitional- women try to do both, most household and paid work.While men identify with just paid work, but support wife’s desire to work

3. Egalitarian- both identify with both spheres, family and work.equitable sharing (If couple has different ideologies, will cause the most conflict)

7

SECOND SHIFT

46.What affects a man’s contribution to household work?

- The man feels like he should not have to do household work since he works at his job and makes more money .However, that excuse does not work for women

** value the couple puts on the man’s work (not money/wages but work itself)

- Self esteem, attitudes, role models of own parents, income and education

8

SECOND SHIFT

47. What do American wives in two job couples earn relative to men?

-For the last 100 years, women have made 60% to 70% of what men earn

Hoschchild findings :
-woman made $1 for every $3 a man made (worse than national average)

9

SECOND SHIFT

48.When did sharing the 2nd Shift improve marriages?

- The spouse’s WILLINGNESS to share the second shift is what influenced marital happiness

- If they SHOW GRATITUDE when sharing work

10

SECOND SHIFT

49.What was the key factor in marital happiness?

- Perception of fairness

- mens involvement or sharing of in the 2nd shift

11

SECOND SHIFT

50.What was the most common male gender ideology/strategy?

-Transitional-women do work and work at home.(ideology)

-Resistance was the common male strategy (strategy)

-women show more gratitude

12

SECOND SHIFT

51. How does the media represent women?

**women not represented accurately

-need to question the system rather than accommodate; most focus on personal competence rather than social systems, spouse, etc

**superwoman mentality: feel like they have to be very organized, be able to do everything

13

MOTHERHOOD MANIFESTO

52. Chap. 2—how do employers benefit from paid family leave?

-->save costs on recruitment & training due to high employee turnover
-->greater job satisfaction
-->higher worker productivity

14

What are the three types of gender ideology?

1. Traditional
2. Transitional
3. Egalitarian