Seizures/Epilepsy - Unit 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Seizures/Epilepsy - Unit 3 Deck (21):
1

Children with idiopathic seizures - typically, they are never seizure free. T/F?

FALSE - they are typically seizure free after about 20 years.

2

What is a seizure?

It's a neural problem - continual, uncontrolled electrical discharge.

3

What is a primary (idiopathic) seizure?

This is a seizure with an unknown cause.

4

What is a secondary seizure?

It is a seizure of known cause, like an injury or meds, etc.

5

Most of the people with seizures who are over the age of 30 - they are caused by meds, trauma, etc. T/F?

True

6

To be diagnosed with a seizure disorder, you need to have __ or more seizures in a period of time.

2

7

70-80% of people with seizures are controlled with medication. The rest aren't. They might get a vagus stimulator or something. T/F?

True!

8

What are the three types of generalized seizures? And what does generalized mean?

Generalized means when it affects the whole body.

Generalized Tonic Clonic ("Grand Mal"
Absenece (petit mal)
Myoclonic

9

What is a Generalized Tonic Clonic "Grand Mal" Seizure?

This is a BIG seizure - it's the one with jerking and muscle stiffness.

10

What is an absence (petit mal) seizure?

Repetitive movements - they might also stare off into space. It is common in children.

11

What is a myoclonic seizure?

This comes across with stiffness - maybe one side over another.

12

What are focal seizures?

They happen in one area - one side twitching, etc.

13

How many types of seizures are there?

400-500 - most are congenital.

14

What are psychogenic seizures?

These are seizure's that aren't real. They might occur because of narcolepsy, tourette's, etc. The people act like they are having a seizure but it doesn't come up on the EEG.

15

Is it important to get a history with a seizure patient?

Yes, we need to know as much information about it as we can.

16

Why might we do a lumbar puncture with a seizure patient?

make sure they don't have meningitis!

17

Prolactin lab test - take how long after a seizure?

About 20 minutes after a seizure!

18

Will seizure patients be on a lot of meds?

Yes!

19

Babies of epileptic moms - what are they at risk for (the babies) ?

Cleft Palet

20

Status Epilepticus -what is it?

A seizure that lasts for more than 5 minutes/the person has a seizure and doesn't come back to a normal level.

21

What are some other options for treatment that are medications?

Lesionectomy, lobectomy, multiple subpial transection, vagal nerve stimulator, deep brain stimulation.