Flashcards in Small Animal Clinical Exam Deck (14):
How should the abdomen move in normal breathing?
Gently, WITH ribcage.
When may paradoxical abdominal movement be seen?
When diaphragm is compromised or negative pressure of interplural space somehow lost
What does Obtunded mean when describing general condition of the patient?
What is the term for an animal unresponsive except to pain?
Is tachy or Brady Carisa a more serious complaint in cats?
How do cats MM differ from dogs? (Normal)
What is the normal CRF? What do values outside this range indicate?
1-2 secs. If fast, likely due to tachycardia and vasoconstriction. If slow, poor perfusion/weak pulse
What clinical sign may indicate nausea?
How may breed differences affect MM normals?
Greyhounds high heamatocrit so v pink MMs
How May dehydration be assessed in the clinical exam? Is this a definitive test?
Turgor of skin by pinch and release. Not very definitive. Eg. Old cats often have non elastic skin, puppies very elastic, irrespective of hydration status
Between which intercostal spaces maybe liver interre with lung auscultation?
Which limb pulses should be palpable on no healthy dog/cat?
Femoral - definitely
Metatarsal - potentially weak but should be present
What does ROM stand for?
Range of movement.