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Flashcards in Social psychology methods Deck (38)
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1

the scientific investigation of how thoughts/feelings/behaviours are influenced by actual, imagined or implied presence of others =

social psychology

2

what does social psychology focus on?

1. effects of social and cognitive processes on the way people perceive and interact with others
2. explains human behaviour

3

what can't we prove no matter how much evidence we generate?

theory

4

we can only ______, _______ or _______ a theory

support, modify, reject

5

benefits of lab assessment?

1. establish cause and effect
2. control over extraneous variables
3. objectively assesses behaviour
4. high internal validity, high experimental realism

6

disadvantages of a lab experiment?

1. low external validity/mundame realism
2. demand characteristics
3. difficult to assess long term behaviour
4. experimenter effects

7

how is a lab study low in external validity and mundane realism?

artificial setting and highly controlled

8

how are experimenter effects minimised?

using a double blind procedure

9

benefits of field assessment?

1. manipulate a variable in a real world context
2. high external validity

10

disadvantages of field assessment?

1. less control over extraneous variables
2. difficult to obtain accurate measures

11

manipulate an independent variable (IV) and observe the effect on the DV = experimental or non-experimental?

experimental

12

correlation between variables (no manipulation of an IV) = experimental or non-experimental?

non-experimental

13

what are different types of experimental methods?

lab experiment
field experiment
RTC

14

what are different types of non-experimental methods?

1. archival
2. case studies
3. qualitative research
4. surveys
5. field studies

15

the type of method chosen depends on what 3 things?

1. nature of hypothesis
2. resources available
3. ethics

16

what type of method is the main approach used?

experimental

17

how is confidence in the validity of a hypothesis enhanced?

if researchers confide in the hypothesis a number of times using different methods > avoids confirmation bias

18

must common as allows us to identify the causes of events =

causal experimentation

19

intervention in the form of manipulation of 1 or more IVs and then measurement of the manipulation =

systematic experimentation

20

how are thoughts/feelings/behaviours measured in social psychology?

self report, objectively assess behaviour in a lap

21

mental structure that organises and collects info about something =

schema

22

what type of tasks assess or influence the accessibility of schemas?

implicit tasks

23

what does the accessibility of a schema mean?

the ease of retrieving/accessing a schema

24

______ accessible schemas are more likely to influence cognitive processes and behaviour

highly

25

responses are within conscious control and provided deliberately =

explicit measures

26

what type of measures can cause social desirability?

explicit measures

27

responses are outside of conscious control and are provided automatically =

implicit measures

28

what do implicit tasks typically measure as an indicator of accessibility?

reaction times

29

what are 3 implicit measures used in social psychology?

1. implicit association test
2. priming
3. lexical decision tasks

30

what are the 3 types of reviews used in social psychology?

1. narrative
2. systematic
3. meta-analysis