Action and planning (bridging the I-B gap) Flashcards Preview

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process of linking goal directed behaviours to certain environmental cues by specifying when/where/how to act =

action planning


action planning involves identifying a ______ and linking it to _______ cues

behaviour, environmental


give an example of action planning

deciding to go for a walk > deciding to go around the block before breakfast


involves identifying barriers that might derail intended actions and forming plans to overcome the barriers =

coping planning


give an example of coping planning

planning to go for a walk but its heavily raining > coping planning = do indoor exercise or take an umbrella


the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) is what type of model and who by?

social cognition model, Schwarzer (2008)


in HAPA, action planning and coping planning are in what phase that helps make an intention a behaviour?

post-intentional phase


in Leventhal et al's experiment, students needed a tetanus shot. what were the 2 ways combined they thought could convince students to get the shot?

manipulate fear to motivate intentions = high fear condition

give info, times, location of getting a tetanus shot = action planning condition


what were the results from Leventhal et al's study?

only 9/59 students went and got a tetanus shot. 1 got in shot in the high fear condition but general instructions, 8 got a shot in the action planning condition


was action planning condition or the high hear condition the drive for behaviour?

action planning condition


what did rodda et al (2019) investigate?

whether gamblers have intentions when heading into a casino


what were the results of Rodda et al's study?

problem gamblers in the intervention group spent £60 less than they intended to spend, no difference in intended and actual spend in control group


what were some of the problems with Rodda et al's study?

randomisation problems > all the most addicted gamblers ended up in the action and coping planning intervention, low moderate risk ppts achieved their intentions despite no intervention


what were the relationships between action and planning in Zhang et al (2019) meta analysis of 95 studies?

small to medium size relationships between intention and planning. action planning = 0.34. coping planning = 0.24. the association of both action and coping planning on behaviour is SMALL > 0.09 / 0.10


what were the main conclusions from Sniehotta et al (2005)?

coping plans are more important later on in the process, whereas action plans are more important getting started


what are the mechanisms of action planning?

assist people identify salient cues that lead to action > cues trigger the intended action > parallels with 'implementation intentions' > helps people get started


what are the mechanisms of coping planning?

help a person overcome obstacles/cope with difficulties
alternative plan of action
more important later in behaviour process