Specialty Radiography Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Specialty Radiography Review Deck (19):
1

What is the name of the procedure that examines the CNS structures situated within the vertebral canal?

Myelogram

2

Most pathology and trauma occur:

in the cervical & lumbar areas of the spine.

3

What are some of the indications for a myelogram?

-Extrinsic spinal cord compression caused by a herniated disk, bone fragment, cyst or tumor
-Spinal cord swelling resulting from traumatic injury
-Identifies narrowing of subarachnoid space

4

What are some of the contraindications for a myelogram?

-Blood within CSF
-Arachnoiditis
-Increased intracranial pressure
-Recent lumbar puncture

5

What type of injection is used for a myelogram?

Intrathecal injection

6

Where is the contrast for a myelogram commonly injected?

-L2-L3 or L3-L4 interspace
-Also @ cisterna magna between C1 & occipital bone

7

What are some common complications of a myelogram?

-Headache
-Nausea/vomiting
-Seizure
-Allergic reaction
-Bleeding
-infection

8

What is the name of the procedure for radiography of a joint or joints?

Arthrogram

9

What are the most frequent sites for an arthrogram to be performed?

-Knee & shoulder

-Hip, wrist & TMJ

10

What are some common indications for a knee arthrogram?

-Tears of the joint capsule, menisci or ligatments (trauma)
-Baker’s cyst (nontrauma)

11

What are indications for a shoulder arthrogram?

-Evaluation of partial or complete tear in rotator cuff or glenoidal labrum
-Persistent pain or weakness
-Frozen shoulder

12

Where is the injection site for a shoulder arthrogram?

-½ inch inferior and lateral to the coracoid process
-Spinal needle is used due to deep location of capsule

13

What is the name of the radiologic procedure that examines the nonpregnant uterus, accessory organs and vagina?

HSG

14

What are some indications for an HSG?

-Size, shape and position of uterus & uterine tubes
-Delinate lesions (polyps, tumor masses or fistulous tracts)
-Patency of uterine tubes

15

What are some contraindications for an HSG?

-Pregnancy
-Acute pelvic inflammatory disease
-Active uterine bleeding

16

The HSG examination should be scheduled approximately : __________

7 to 10 days after the onset of menstruation.

17

What position will be the patient be placed in to facilitate the flow of contrast during an HSG?

Trendenlenburg

18

Where should the contrast spill out into when performing an HSG?

Peritoneal cavity

19

How much contrast is used to fill the uterine cavity and how much is needed to fill the uterine tubes?

-4 to 5 ml
-Additional 4 to 5 ml for uterine tube patency