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1

Explain the area in which to draw a PKU test on an infant.

dermal puncture, medial and lateral portions fo plantar surface.
can also be done via urine.

2

what is the additive in a light blue top tube?

sodium citrate

3

define neonate

human child from birth to 1st month

4

which way should the bevel be facing when entering in the arm?

up

5

what tube contains a preservative and an anticoagulant?

gray

6

who usually will draw an arterial blood gas?

respiratory therapist, nurse or physician

7

what are the four things an arterial blood gas looks for?

pH, carbon dioxide, oxygen, bicarb

8

which tubes contain anticoagulants? (6)

Lavender, green, pink, royal blue with LB strip, light blue, grey

9

what is the anticoagulant in a lavender top tube?

EDTA

10

what is the anticoagulant in a green top tube?

heparin

11

what is the anticoagulant in a pink top tube?

K-EDTA

12

what is the anticoagulant in a royal blue with LB strip top tube?

EDTA

13

what is the anticoagulant in a light blue top tube?

sodium citrate

14

what is the anticoagulant in a grey top tube?

potassium oxolate

15

what is implied consent?

when a patients actions gives permission, like sticking out the arm

16

what two gloves may be used if latex gloves cause skin allergies for your patient?

vinyl or nitrile

17

another name for a winged infusion set

butterfly

18

what is creatine clearance? How must it be stored?

24 hour blood/urine test.
must be refrigerated

19

is cavicide used to cleanse an area on a patient for venipuncture?

no. it is a ready to use intermediate level surface disinfectant.

20

If you got an accidental needle-stick on your finger with a used butterfly needle, what is your next course of action?

wash hands for 10-15 min
report to supervisor
refer to MSDS
fill out report

21

what is protective isolation?

protecting vulnerable persons, separating infected from the not infected

22

What tube would you draw an APTT in?

light blue

23

What is the proper way to identify a patient?

name/DOB or wrist band

24

What is LIS?

laboratory information system, used to order tests, print labels for specimens and enter the results.

25

under the patients bill of rights, can a patient decline medical treatment?

yes

26

What is the correct way to end a veinipuncture?

remove tourniquet, remove tube, gauze over site, remove needles, activate.

27

if a person is having a syncope episode what is the most important thing the phlebotomist needs to do?

remove the needle

28

raised blotches on the skin after tourniquet placement may be as gin of what? What do you do?

allergic reaction to latex
remove tourniquet, report to supervisor

29

a group of tests ordered as one is often described as what? Give an example.

panel or profile
CMP

30

What kind of tube does a CMP require?

tiger top

31

name the three levels of the heart

endocardium - inner
myocardium - middle
epicardium - outer

32

which part of the heart is the inner layer lining?

epicardium
endocardium
myocardium

endocardium

33

which part of the heart is the muscular middle layer?

epicardium
endocardium
myocardium

myocardium

34

which part of the heart is the fibrous outer layer?

epicardium
endocardium
myocardium

epicardium

35

If a patient declines medial treatment what is the first thing you should do?

tell superviser

36

If a patient asks you what tests their physician has ordered do you have to tell them.

yes

37

What is the easiest and most effective way to break the chain of transmission?

wash hands

38

true or false: eating in the lab is not an OSHA violation.

FALSE

39

What is the most common cause for blood culture contamination?

improper site preparation
use cloroprep

40

What would be the correct order of draw for: a blood culture, APTT, CBC, ESR, LYTES and CMP

Blood culture
APTT - LB
CMP - tiger
LYTES - mint
ESR - lav
CBC - lav

41

what are the four types of OSHA compliance (inspections)?

1. complaint inspection
2. fatality/ accident
3. programmed inspection
4. imminent danger inspection

42

semen must reach the lab in what time frame and at what temperature?

1 hour
close to body temp
no extreme light

43

If you draw a sample for a culture and sensitivity, what section of the lab would receive said sample?

microbiology

44

CBCs should never be _____

centrifuged

45

list the 5 white blood cells (leukocytes)

Neutrophils
Lymphocytes
Monocytes
Eosinophils
Basophils

Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas

46

what does an icteric specimen look like?

green/brown, jaundice.

47

What does OSHA stand for and what do they do?

Occupational Safety and Health Administration
to ensure safety of work and healthful work environment.

48

What does CLSI stand for and what do they do?

clinical and laboratory standards Institute
standards development, use of voluntary laboratory consensus standards

49

What is an H pylori test? What substance is required and what does the patient do with the substance?

breath test
swallow urea substance