Flashcards in Study Guide Deck (49)
Explain the area in which to draw a PKU test on an infant.
dermal puncture, medial and lateral portions fo plantar surface.
can also be done via urine.
what is the additive in a light blue top tube?
human child from birth to 1st month
which way should the bevel be facing when entering in the arm?
what tube contains a preservative and an anticoagulant?
who usually will draw an arterial blood gas?
respiratory therapist, nurse or physician
what are the four things an arterial blood gas looks for?
pH, carbon dioxide, oxygen, bicarb
which tubes contain anticoagulants? (6)
Lavender, green, pink, royal blue with LB strip, light blue, grey
what is the anticoagulant in a lavender top tube?
what is the anticoagulant in a green top tube?
what is the anticoagulant in a pink top tube?
what is the anticoagulant in a royal blue with LB strip top tube?
what is the anticoagulant in a light blue top tube?
what is the anticoagulant in a grey top tube?
what is implied consent?
when a patients actions gives permission, like sticking out the arm
what two gloves may be used if latex gloves cause skin allergies for your patient?
vinyl or nitrile
another name for a winged infusion set
what is creatine clearance? How must it be stored?
24 hour blood/urine test.
must be refrigerated
is cavicide used to cleanse an area on a patient for venipuncture?
no. it is a ready to use intermediate level surface disinfectant.
If you got an accidental needle-stick on your finger with a used butterfly needle, what is your next course of action?
wash hands for 10-15 min
report to supervisor
refer to MSDS
fill out report
what is protective isolation?
protecting vulnerable persons, separating infected from the not infected
What tube would you draw an APTT in?
What is the proper way to identify a patient?
name/DOB or wrist band
What is LIS?
laboratory information system, used to order tests, print labels for specimens and enter the results.
under the patients bill of rights, can a patient decline medical treatment?
What is the correct way to end a veinipuncture?
remove tourniquet, remove tube, gauze over site, remove needles, activate.
if a person is having a syncope episode what is the most important thing the phlebotomist needs to do?
remove the needle
raised blotches on the skin after tourniquet placement may be as gin of what? What do you do?
allergic reaction to latex
remove tourniquet, report to supervisor
a group of tests ordered as one is often described as what? Give an example.
panel or profile
What kind of tube does a CMP require?
name the three levels of the heart
endocardium - inner
myocardium - middle
epicardium - outer
which part of the heart is the inner layer lining?
which part of the heart is the muscular middle layer?
which part of the heart is the fibrous outer layer?
If a patient declines medial treatment what is the first thing you should do?
If a patient asks you what tests their physician has ordered do you have to tell them.
What is the easiest and most effective way to break the chain of transmission?
true or false: eating in the lab is not an OSHA violation.
What is the most common cause for blood culture contamination?
improper site preparation
What would be the correct order of draw for: a blood culture, APTT, CBC, ESR, LYTES and CMP
APTT - LB
CMP - tiger
LYTES - mint
ESR - lav
CBC - lav
what are the four types of OSHA compliance (inspections)?
1. complaint inspection
2. fatality/ accident
3. programmed inspection
4. imminent danger inspection
semen must reach the lab in what time frame and at what temperature?
close to body temp
no extreme light
If you draw a sample for a culture and sensitivity, what section of the lab would receive said sample?
CBCs should never be _____
list the 5 white blood cells (leukocytes)
Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas
what does an icteric specimen look like?
What does OSHA stand for and what do they do?
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
to ensure safety of work and healthful work environment.
What does CLSI stand for and what do they do?
clinical and laboratory standards Institute
standards development, use of voluntary laboratory consensus standards