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Flashcards in Surgical Oncology Deck (8)
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1

goals of surgery in cancer treatment

prophylactic: preventable
diagnostic: biopsies
staging: tumor type, growth size, nodes, regional spread, distant metastasis
definitive/curative: final and conclusive
palliative: symptoms, relieve pain
adjuvant/ supportive: after treatment
Reconstructive/ rehabillitative: pastice surgery
salvage: reoccurrence of disease

2

factors to consider before surgery

cancer facts
patients health
general health habits
nutritional status
rehab potential
age

3

surgical biopsy techniques

fine-needle aspiration (small sample)
percutaneous (take lung sample)
core needle biopsy (larger than needle, small chunk)
incisional biopsy (remove portion)
excisional biopsy (remove entire tumor)
endoscopic biopsy (sample of inside organ)
laprascopic (samples of outside)

4

how long after surgery can radiation start?

3-6 weeks

5

over the past ____ years, surgery has become less invasive

25-30 years

6

what is seeding?

cancer has spread in surgical area

7

Mohs Procedure

take out tissue and look for abnormal cells during surgery

8

Adequate margins varies with

type of cancer being removed