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Flashcards in Principle of Therapy Deck (21)
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1

How is cancer treated?

surgery
rad therapy
chemo
hormonal therapy

2

how do you establish a rapport

listen
connect
compassionate
honesty
get the patient involved
communicate

3

listen:

about concerns, let them talk to you

4

connect:

let them feel comfortable around you

5

honesty:

you have to let them know what is going on too
fill in gaps, but don't overstep bounds

6

get the patient involved

let them feel like they are part of the treatment plan

7

communicate

make sure they know everything

8

systemic:

all through the body (chemo)

9

regional:

in one spot (radiation)

10

what are some important steps before TX

positive diagnosis
stage
goal of therapy set
treatment plan

11

2 Aims of TX

1. Currative: trying to eradicate disease (aggressive)
2. Palliative: alleviate symptoms and quality of life

12

use of combination of therapy.
Therapy is given after primary treatment has been given.

adjuvant

13

therapy is given before treatment
to reduce treatment field

neoadjuvant

14

Cancers with macroscopic disease that can be cured with chemo

testicular cancer
hodgkin's disease
high-grade non hodgkins lymphoma
acute leukemia
small cell lung cancer
ovarian cancer

15

cancer with microscopic disease that can be cured with chemo therapy

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
osteosarcoma
bladder cancer
ewing's sarcoma

16

responses to therapy

complete
partial
stable
progressive

17

complete:

disappearance of all disease for at least 1 month

18

partial

at least 50% decrease in mass w/o appearance of lesion for 2 months

19

stable:

decease or increase of less than 25%

20

progressive:

increase of tumor mass greater than 25% or an appearance of a new lesion

21

5 year survival

pt alive for 5 years after diagnosis
-chemo dose based on size and weight
-weighted weekly with blood an doctor day