Taxonomy Flashcards Preview

Pre-AP Biology 101 > Taxonomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Taxonomy Deck (15):
1

 

What seven levels were in Linnaeus's original classification system?

 

Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species

2

 

Branch of science that names and groups organisms according to their characteristics.

 

Taxonomy

3

 

What is binomial nomenclature and how is it written?

 

Binomial nomenclature is the two word naming system used in science

The first word is the genus, the first letter is capitalized.

The second word is the species, it is entirely lower case.

Both words are capitalized.

4


Each level in taxonomy is known as a

 

Taxon

5

 

True or false: levels in taxonomy get less specific as you move down (from domain to species)

 

FALSE. It gets more specific as you move down.

6

 

If two organisms belong to the same class, which other taxa do they have in common?

 

Domain, Kingdom, Phylum

7

 

What are the three domains of life? Which are prokaryotic?

 

Bacteria & Archaea are prokaryotic

 

Eukarya is eukaryotic

8

 

Which kingdoms are found in each domain?

Domain Archaea - Kingdom Archaebacteria

Domain Bacteria - Kingdom Eubacteria

Domain Eukarya - Kingdom Animalia, Kingdom Plantae, Kingdom Fungi, Kingdom Protista

9

 

Which kingdom contains "extremophiles", organisms that live in extreme environments (lots of salt, high temperature, etc.)

 

Archaebacteria

10

 

The common types of bacteria are found in which kingdom?

 

Eubacteria

11

 

How are protists classified?

 

Based on how they move (ciliates, flagellates, pseudopods)

12

 

If an organism is eukaryotic, but is not a plant, animal, or fungi, it is a 

 

 

Protist

13

 

Members of this kingdom have cell walls that contain chitin

 

Fungi

14

 

Organisms in this kingdom obtain energy through decomposition

 

Fungi

15

 

After kingdom, plants are broken down into _____ instead of phylums

 

Divisions