What is used to pry the shoe from the hoof capsule?
How are horse shoes used to evaluate whether the hoof mechanism is working?
Look for a polished area on the shoe
In which breed is the toe left longer when trimming the hooves? Why?
To increase stride length
Should the horse shoe be more pointed in the front or hind limb?
In which direction must the bevel of the nail face?
Inner surface (frog)
What landmark is used for proper nail placement?
What condition is common in carriage horses? What does this cause?
Heel cannot expand properly
What is deviation of the white line characteristic of?
Abnormal keratinization in response to chronic injury
Which type of corrective shoe can be used to assist in the healing of a sagittal fracture of the coffin bone?
Full bar shoe
What can be done using shoes to assist a horse with navicular disease? What do these shoes faciliate?
Rocker-toe shoes with elevated heels
What can be done with shoes to aid a horse with a flexor tendon rupture?
Make a shoe with elongated heels
Fetlock support shoe
Fetlock sling shoe
T/F: When an owner calls you to report a puncture wound to the sole of the hoof, you should advise them to remove the nail as soon as possible to minimize damage.
False, ask them to leave the nail in place so can use rads to judge the prognosis
What is a plate shoe used for?
To aid in healing of a sole abscess
How is a keratoma treated?
Cut and peel away the affected protion of the hoof capsule
Do not cut into the coronet
What is Gravel?
The condition not the tiny rocks
Sole abscess with drainage at the coronary band
What is Quittor? What causes it?
Necrosis of the collateral cartilage
Caused by subcoronary abscess or interferring (interferring only if on medial aspect)
What is the term for the degenerative condition of the frog which usually affects the hindlimb?
White Line Disease
What can be used in a horse who has very brittle or fragile hooves?
Glue on shoes
How long does it take a quarter crack to the coronary band to resolve?
Doesn't resolve, hoof will always have that lesion
When does laminitis become chronic?
After 48 hours of continual pain or when rotation of the distal phalanx occurs
Why does coffin bone rotation occur with chronic laminitis?
Lamellae detach from coffin bone and DDFT continually pulls on the bone causing rotation
Which Obel grade indicates laminitis with a stilted gait at the walk and the ability to lift the foot?
T/F: Plaster of Paris can be used to support the sole and aid in the resolution of chronic laminitis.
False, can use for acute
What is the highest Obel grade?
At which Obel grade does the horse resist lifting the foot?
What is the term for bone remodelling at the end of the coffin bone that can occur due to chronic laminitis?
What causes radiolucent lines in a hoof of a horse with laminitis on a rad?
Rotation of the coffin bone
Which of these is not a risk factor for chronic lamintis?
High carb (grain) diet
What are the treatment options for chronic lamintis?
- Dorsal hoof wall resection
- Heart bar shoe
-Reversed horse shoe