Tendons, Shoeing, Chronic laminitis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Tendons, Shoeing, Chronic laminitis Deck (60)
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31

What is used to pry the shoe from the hoof capsule?

Shoe puller

32

How are horse shoes used to evaluate whether the hoof mechanism is working?

Look for a polished area on the shoe

33

In which breed is the toe left longer when trimming the hooves? Why?

Standardbreds 

To increase stride length

34

Should the horse shoe be more pointed in the front or hind limb?

Hind

35

In which direction must the bevel of the nail face? 

Inner surface (frog)

36

What landmark is used for proper nail placement?

White line

37

What condition is common in carriage horses? What does this cause?

Sidebones

Heel cannot expand properly

38

What is deviation of the white line characteristic of?

Keratoma 

Abnormal keratinization in response to chronic injury 

39

Which type of corrective shoe can be used to assist in the healing of a sagittal fracture of the coffin bone?

Full bar shoe

40

What can be done using shoes to assist a horse with navicular disease? What do these shoes faciliate? 

Rocker-toe shoes with elevated heels

Breakover

41

What can be done with shoes to aid a horse with a flexor tendon rupture?

Make a shoe with elongated heels

Fetlock support shoe 

Fetlock sling shoe

Elevate heel

42

T/F: When an owner calls you to report a puncture wound to the sole of the hoof, you should advise them to remove the nail as soon as possible to minimize damage.

False, ask them to leave the nail in place so can use rads to judge the prognosis

43

What is a plate shoe used for?

To aid in healing of a sole abscess

44

How is a keratoma treated?

Cut and peel away the affected protion of the hoof capsule 

Do not cut into the coronet

45

What is Gravel? 

The condition not the tiny rocks

Sole abscess with drainage at the coronary band

46

What is Quittor? What causes it?

Necrosis of the collateral cartilage

Caused by subcoronary abscess or interferring (interferring only if on medial aspect)

47

What is the term for the degenerative condition of the frog which usually affects the hindlimb?

Thrush

48

Diagnosis?

White Line Disease

49

What can be used in a horse who has very brittle or fragile hooves?

Glue on shoes

50

How long does it take a quarter crack to the coronary band to resolve?

Doesn't resolve, hoof will always have that lesion 

51

When does laminitis become chronic?

After 48 hours of continual pain or when rotation of the distal phalanx occurs

52

Why does coffin bone rotation occur with chronic laminitis?

Lamellae detach from coffin bone and DDFT continually pulls on the bone causing rotation

53

Which Obel grade indicates laminitis with a stilted gait at the walk and the ability to lift the foot?

Grade 2

54

T/F: Plaster of Paris can be used to support the sole and aid in the resolution of chronic laminitis. 

False, can use for acute 

55

What is the highest Obel grade?

4

56

At which Obel grade does the horse resist lifting the foot?

Grade 3

57

What is the term for bone remodelling at the end of the coffin bone that can occur due to chronic laminitis?

Ski-tipped

58

What causes radiolucent lines in a hoof of a horse with laminitis on a rad?

Chronic laminitis

Rotation of the coffin bone

59

Which of these is not a risk factor for chronic lamintis?

Pony breed

Fat horse

Soft flooring

Late summer

High carb (grain) diet

NWB lameness

Soft flooring

60

What are the treatment options for chronic lamintis?

Therapeutic shoeing:

- Dorsal hoof wall resection

- Heart bar shoe

-Reversed horse shoe 

 

DDFT tenotomy