Test 2 Vocab. & General Info Flashcards Preview

Art History > Test 2 Vocab. & General Info > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 2 Vocab. & General Info Deck (21)
Loading flashcards...
1

Renaissance

-period of Italian history from 14-16th centuries
-French for "rebirth"
-self-conscious revival of interest in ancient Greek and Roman texts and culture

2

Humanism

-a system of thought attaching importance to human, rather than divine or supernatural matters.
-stresses the goodness of humans, emphasizes common human needs, and seeks rational ways of solving human problems.
-a Renaissance cultural movement
-development of Humanist movement began in early 14th century in Italy

3

Memento Mori

-"reminder of death"
-an image, often in the form of a skull, to remind the living of the inevitability of death
-to remind viewers that faith in Christ offered the route to eternal salvation
-popular in middle ages and continued as motif in the Renaissance

4

orthogonals

-the converging lines that meet at the vanishing point in the system of linear perspective
-the edges of architectural objects such as roofs and walls are extended among these imaginary lines, aka orthogonals

5

Vanishing Point

-in the linear perspective system, the intersecting of orthogonals (if extended) at a single point
-generally corresponds to the viewer's eye level

6

horizon line

-"eye level", often used synonymously
-refer to a physical/visual boundary where sky separates from land or water.
-the actual height of the viewer's eyes when looking at an object, interior scene, or an exterior scene.

7

linear perspective

-a mathematical system invented by Brunelleschi during the Renaissance
-used to create an illusion of depth in a two-dimensional image, through the use of straight lines converging toward a vanishing point in the distance

8

one-point perspective

-the converging lines that meet at the vanishing point in the system of linear perspective
-simplest mathematical system in creating the illusion of depth

9

tempera paint

-a paint in which the pigments are mixed with egg yolk and water
-preferred medium for wooden panel paintings, especially in Italy

10

secular

*
-opposite of sacred
-not concerned with religious or religious affairs

11

polyptych

-a painting or relief composed of more than three sections
-usually an altarpiece

12

triptych

-an altarpiece or painting consisting of three parts, one central panel and two wings

13

polyptych

-a painting or relief composed of more than three sections
-"many paneled painting"
-usually an altarpiece

14

Fresco

-a technique of painting on the plaster surface of a wall or ceiling
-typically located in churches, public buildings, or private palaces

15

oil paint

-slow-drying and flexible paint formed by mixing pigments with the medium of oil
-flexible, increases possibilities for blending and mixing colors

16

Mannerism

-main subject is the human body
-body often often elongated, exaggerated, elegant, and arranged in complex, twisted poses
-primarily an Italian style
-mannerists artists typically took as their models other work of art

17

tondo

-renaissance term for a circular work of art, either a painting or sculpture

18

Sfumato

-defining form by delicate gradations of light and shade
-Italian for "tone down"
-used particularly by Leonardo

19

gothic/late gothic time period

before 1400's

20

(early) renaissance time period

1400's

21

high renaissance time period

late 1500's- early 1600's