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Flashcards in test 4 pictures Deck (74)
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1

  • title:
    • "Quadrille at the Moulin Rouge"
  • artist:
    • Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
  • when:
    • 1892
  • where:
    • National Gallery of Art
    • Washington D.C.
  • medium:
    • oil on cardboard
  • context:
    • post impressionism
    • moulin rogue was/is the artistic and entertainment center of Paris, where the artist lived and worked
    • his family disapproved of his lifestyle, but his wealth saved him from the poverty that many artists in this generation faced 

2

  • title:
    • "La Goule at the Moulin Rouge"
  • artist:
    • Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
  • when:
    • 1891
  • where:
    • The Metropolitan Museum of Art
  • medium:
    • poster, color lithograph 
  • context:
    • post impressionsim
    • La Goulue was a professional dancer who, among his singers, circus performers, and prostitues, were among his favorite subjects
    • at age 15, the artist was left with permanently stunted legs as a result of two accidents 
      • perhaps bc of this, dancers had a particlar attraction for him

3

  • title:
    • "Mont Sanite-Victoire" 
  • artist:
    • Paul Cezanne
  • when:
    • 1990
  • where:
    • Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • post impressionism
    • the author revisited a subject that preoccupied him of years 
    • his personal identification with the mountain is indicated by the anthropomorphism of the rich green tree in the right foreground-possibly a self-image

4

  • title:
    • "Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte"
  • artist:
    • George Seurat
  • when:
    • 1884-86
  • where:
    • Art Institute of Chicago 
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • post impressionism
    • la grande jatte is an island in the river Seine that was popular with Parisians for weekend outings 
    • the artists painstaking and systematic technique reflected his scientific approach to painting 
    • for two years he made many small outdoor studies before painting the large finals canvas of La Grande Jatte in his studio 
    • was unveiled for the last Impressionist Exhibition 

5

  • title:
    • "The Starry Night"
  • artist:
    • Vincent Van Gogh
  • when:
    • 1889
  • where:
    • Museum of Modern Art
    • New York
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas 
  • context:
    • post impressionism
    • seen as the reflection of a disturbed mind
      • painted this when he was in a mental assylum
    • illustrates the artists genius for intense, expressive color, his powerful imagery, and strong sense of line
    • the artist shared the impressionist passion for landscape

6

  • title:
    • "Nevermore"
  • artist:
    • Paul Gaugin
  • when:
    • 1897
  • where:
    • Courtauld Institute of Art Gallery
    • London, England
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • post impressionism
    • depicts a Tahitian version of reclining nude 
    • the artists style changed a little after he left France
      • Polynesian life and culture became the subject of his work
      • gradually poverty, alcholism, and syphillis undermined his health, and died at the age of fifty-five after at least one side attempt

7

  • title:
    • "The Scream"
  • artist:
    • Edvard Munch
  • when:
    • 1893
  • where:
    • National Gallery
    • Oslo, Norway 
  • medium:
    • post impressionism
    • oil, pastel, and casein on cardboard
  • context:
    • the artist represents his own taste of disintegration in a figure crossing the bridge over Oslo's Christianiafjord

8

  • title:
    • "The Dream"
  • artist:
    • Henri Rousseau
  • when:
    • 1910
  • where:
    • Museum of Modern Art
    • New York
  • medium:
    • post impressionism
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • was painted shortly before the authors death and eleven years after the publication of Freud's Interpretation of Dreams
    • painting shows a nude, reclining, but alert woman, in a pose related to the Classical reclining Venus

9

  • title:
    • "The Old Guitarist"
  • artist:
    • Pablo Picasso
  • when:
    • 1903
  • where:
    • Art Insitiute of Chicago
    • (Helen Birch Barlett Memorial Collection)
  • medium:
    • oil on panel
  • context:
    • the elongated forms and flickering silver light evoke the spirtituality of El Greco

10

  • title:
    • "Woman with the Hat"
  • artist:
    • Henri Matisse
  • when:
    • 1905
  • where:
    • Museum of Modern Art
    • San Francisco
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • fauvism
    • the painting caused a scandal in the Paris art world for its unconvential use of color 
      • but when purchased, its reputation was saved and the artists prices began to rise

11

  • title:
    • The Joy of Life
  • artist:
    • Henri Matisse
  • when:
    • 1905-06
  • where:
    • The Barnes Foundation
    • Merion Pennsylvania
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • fauvism
    • shows the use of Fauve color to create a mood of exuberant, creative eroticism 
    • the entire picture undulates with passionate enjoyment as figures dance, play music, and embrace

12

  • title:
    • "The Street"
  • artist:
    • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
  • when:
    • 1907
  • where:
    • Museum of Modern Art, New York
  • medium:
    • Oil on canvas
  • context:
    • expressionism
    • combines exuberant Expressionist color with undulating forms reminiscent of Munch
    • has a dreamlike quality created by unusual color and curvilinear, undulating forms

13

  • title:
    • Panel for Edwin R. Campbell No. 4
    • (formerly Painting Number 201, Winter)
  • artist:
    • Vassily Kandinsky
  • when:
    • 1914
  • where:
    • Museum of Modern Art
    • New York
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • expressionism
    • one in a series of 4 paintings representing the seasons- this one being winter

14

  • title:
    • "Several Circles"
  • artist:
    • Vassily Kandinsky
  • when:
    • 1926
  • where:
    • Soloman R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • expressionism
    • has an "otherworldly" quality
      • evoking both the minutaie of the invisible molecular world and the vast distances of a solar system occupied by orbiting moons and planets

15

  • title:
    • "The Large Blue Horses"
  • artist:
    • Franz Marc
  • when:
    • 1911
  • where:
    • Walker Art Center
    • Minneapolis
  • medium: 
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • expressionism
    • combines geometry with rick color

16

  • title:
    • Harmony in Red
  • artist:
    • Henri Matisse
  • when:
    • 1908-1909
  • where:
    • State Hermitage Museum
    • St. Petersburg, Russia
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • expressionism
    • goes beyond the thick, constructive brushstrokes and unusual color juxtapositions of his Fauve period 

17

  • title:
    • "Dance I"
  • artist:
    • Henri Matisse
  • when:
    • 1909
  • where:
    • Museum of Modern Art
    • New York
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • expressionism
    • it is the figures, rather than the arabesques, that dance

18

  • title:
    • Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
  • artist:
    • Pablo Picasso
  • when:
    • 1907
  • where:
    • Museum of Modern Art
    • New York
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • cubism
    • painting was named for a bordello in the Carrer d/Avinyo- Barcelona's red light district
    • earlier versions had a seated sailor and a medical student carrying a skull
      • both were representations of him
    • by removing them from the painting, he shifted from a more personal narrative to a more powerful mythic image

19

  • title:
    • Violin and Pitcher
  • artist:
    • Georges Braque
  • when:
    • 1909-1910
  • where:
    • Switzerland
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • analytical cubism 
    • the author worked closely with Picasso and both were responsible for creating cubism

20

  • title:
    • "Three Musicians"
  • artist:
    • Pablo Picasso
  • when:
    • 1921
  • where:
    • Museum of Modern Art
    • New York
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • synthetic cubism

21

  • title:
    • "Guernica"
  • artist:
    • Pablo Picasso
  • when:
    • 1937
  • where:
    • Madrid, Spain
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • analytic and synthetic cubism as well as surrealism
    • between 1936-1939 there was a civil war between spanish republicans and the fascist army of General Franco
    • in april 1937 Franco's Nazi allies carried out saturation bombing over the town of Guernica
    • picasso painted this to protest this atrocity

22

  • title:
    • "Unique Forms of Continuity in Space"
  • artist:
    • Umberto Boccioni
  • when:
    • 1913
  • where:
    • New York
  • medium:
    • bronze 
  • context:
    • futurism
    • represents a man striding vigorously, as if with a definite goal in mind

23

  • title:
    • Broadway Boogie Woogie
  • artist:
    • Piet Mondrian
  • when:
    • 1942-43
  • where:
    • New York
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • expressionism & cubism
    • this was one in a series of pictures that he executed in small squares and rectangles of color
    • the author synthesized Expressionist exuberance with Cubist order and control

24

  • title:
    • "Nude Descending on a Staircase"
  • artist:
    • Marcel Duchamp
  • when:
    • 1912
  • where:
    • Philadelphia Museum of Art
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • futurism/cubism
    • most scandelous work of the armory show, which caused an uproar in itself
    • it was a humorous attack on futurist proscriptions against traditional academic nudity

25

  • title:
    • Lucky Strike
  • artist:
    • Stuart Davis
  • when:
    • 1921
  • where:
    • New York
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • pop art
    • synthetic cubism
    • flattened cigarette box influenced by collage
    • artist was lifetime smoker, fond of the image of smoking
      • also designed the first abstract postage stamp for the US in 1964

26

  • title:
    • From Slavery Through Reconstruction
  • artist:
    • Aaron Douglas
  • when:
    • 1934
  • where:
    • New York Public Library
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • cubism
    • depicts three events following the American civil war 
      • rejoicing in the news of the Emancipation Proclamation
      • success of black men
      • union army leaves the south- reconstruction with its anti-Black backlash follows

27

  • title:
    • Black Square
  • artist:
    • Kazimir Malevich
  • when:
    • 1929
  • where:
    • Moscow, Russia
  • medium:
    • oil on canvas
  • context:
    • suprematism
    • was an expression of the cosmic, of pure feeling, and the white was the void beyond feeling
    • aim was to achieve the mystical through pure form

28

  • title:
    • Ready-made
  • artist:
    • Marcel Duchamp
  • when:
    • 1917
  • where:
    • New York
  • medium:
    • photo
  • context:
    • dada
    • Duchamps most outrageous ready-made
    • took a urinal and turned it upside down
    • when the society he submitted it to rejected it, he resigned his membership

29

  • title:
    • Collage Arranged According to the Laws of Chance
  • artist:
    • Jean (Hans) Arp
  • when:
    • 1916-17
  • where:
    • NY
  • medium:
    • TORN AND PASTED PAPER
  • context:
    • dada

30

  • title:
    • Le Violin d'Ingres
  • artist:
    • Man Ray
  • when:
    • 1924
    • Surrealism
  • where:
    • Paris, France
  • medium:
    • PHOTOGRAPH REWORKED W/ PENCIL AND INK
  • context:
    • most famous photograph
    • Dada/Surrealism: combines dada wordplay with Surrealist imagery