Nicola Pisano; "Nativity"; Pisa Baptistry; 1260; Italian Medieval. (13th Century Italy)
Cimabue; "Madonna Enthroned"; c. 1280-1290; Tempera on wood. (13th Century Italy)
Giotto; "Madonna Enthroned"; c. 1310; Tempera on wood; (Florence) Italy. (14th Century Italy)
Giotto; "Nativity"; c. 1305; Fresco; Arena Chapel (Padua) Italy. (14th Century Italy). Depth signifies shift towards renaissance style.
Giotto; "Last Judgment"; c. 1305; Fresco; Arena Chapel (Padua) Italy. (14th Century Italy)
Giotto; "Last Judgment" detail; c 1305; Fresco; Arena Chapel (Padua) Italy. (14th Century Italy)
Enrico Scrovegni lifts a model of the Arena Chapel and presents it to the Virgin and 2 other figures
Duccio; "Kiss of Judas"; 1308-1311; Tempera on Panel; (Siena) Italy. (14th Century Italy). Byzantine era.
Giotto; "Kiss of Judas"; c. 1306; Fresco; Arena Chapel (Padua) Italy. (14th Century Italy)
Limburg Brothers; "January"; 1413-1416; (Chantilly) France; International Gothic Style; illuminated manuscript.
Masaccio; "Holy Trinity"; c. 1425; Fresco; Santa Maria Novella (Florence) Italy; nicknamed "sloppy tom"
Andrea Mantegna; "Dead Christ"; c. 1500; Tempera on canvas; (Milan) Italy; early renaissance
Masaccio; Left side of the Brancacci Chapel, Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence (after restoration, 1989). upper left pilaster= "Expulsion from Eden" (c. 1425); below is "Saint Peter in Prison"; large scene to the right of Expulsion is from the New Testament Gospel of Matthew (17:24-27); Below, Peter raises a boy from the dead in the center of the fresco and is enthroned at the right; The two scenes (far right) show Saint Peter Preaching (above) and Saint Peter Curing by the Fall of His Shadow (below); Florence; Fresco
Donatello; "David"; c. 1430-1440; Bronze; Florence; The David is the first nearly life-size, naturalistic nude sculpture that we know of since antiquity.
Andrea Del Castagno; "The Youthful David"; c. 1450; tempera on on leather mounted on wood;
Andrea del Verrocchio; "David"; Early 1470s; Bronze; (florence) Italy
Paolo Uccello; "Sir John Hawkwood"; Florence Cathedral; 1436; Fresco transferred to canvas.
Piero della Francesca; "Battista Sforza and Federico da Montefeltro"; after 1475; Oil and tempera on panel. They are connected to their landscape (shown through the pearls)
Piero della Francesca; "Annunciation"; c. 1450. Fresco; Arezzo, Italy.
Fra Angelico; "Annunciation"; c. 1440; Fresco; Florence, Italy. Gothic.
Andrea Mantegna; ceiling tondo of the "Camera Picta" ("Camera degli Sposi"); Ducal Palace, Mantua; 1474; Fresco
Sandro Botticelli; "Birth of Venus"; c. 1482; Tempera on canvas, Florence, Italy
Elongated, elegant, even languid - as if just waking up. Her flowing hair, echoing the elegant drapery curves and translucent waves, conveys a linear characteristic of Botticelli's style.
Robert Campin; "Mérode Altarpiece"; c. 1425-30; Tempera and oil on wood
Jan van Eyck; "Arnolfini Portrait"; 1434; Oil on wood; London, England
Leonardo da Vinci; "Embryo in the Womb"; c. 1510; Pen and brown ink; Royal Collection, Windsor Castle, Royal Library, England
Correctly drew the position of the fetus in the uterus and the shape of the uterus.
Leonardo da Vinci; "Last Supper"; refectory of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan; c. 1495-98; Fresco
Geometry and perspective are significant: sets of 3 and 4. Judas seen as bad guy, head is lower than the others and is the only one with a shadow. Arch behind Jesus is a halo and being in the center of the window sheds light on him.
Leonardo da Vinci; "Mona Lisa"; c. 1503-5; Oil on wood; Musée du Louvre, Paris, France
Eyes seem to watch you everywhere. Stolen in 1911 and created a hug scandal which brought it fame. On the face: Chiaroscuro- light and dark shading defines form and volume. In the background: Sfumato- "toned down" or "vanished in smoke"
Michelangelo; "David"; 1501-4; Marble; Florence, Italy
Standing in contrapposto, links to Greek and Roman artwork. Very exaggerated in body proportions
Michelangelo; ceiling of the Sistine Chapel; Vatican, Rome; 1508-12; Fresco
Series of paintings recounting the Old Testament
Michelangelo; "Creation of Adam"; c. 1510
God extending out to Adam. God is framed by a sweeping dark-red cloak containing a crowd of nude figures including a woman (identified by some scholars as Eve). Adam reclines languidly on the newly created Earth, for he has not yet received the spark of life from God’s touch
Raphael; "School of Athens"; 1509-11; Stanza della Segnatura; Vatican, Rome; Fresco
His Style: Clear and precise areas of large clean colors and intensely beautiful. Represents philosophy. Image of Plato (left) and Aristotle (right) in center. Put the faces of Renaissance artists on Greek philosophers