Flashcards in Test 6 Deck (25):
Which code on RNA is the start code at the beginning of a protein?
A piece of DNA that does not code for proteins in a eukaryotic cell is called an
How many base pairs of DNA are there in the human genome?
RFLP stands for
Restriction fragment length polymorphism
When was the technique of PCR invented?
How are the fragments of DNA separated in RFLP analysis?
When was the complete gene sequence of a nematode worm first worked out
Using an RNA probe to find mRNA is called a --- blot
What was Lamarck's idea of evolution
Evolution was caused by passing on characteristics acquired during life - people who work out a lot will have babies with large muscles
What is meant by anticodon
Matches the 3 base codon on mRNA found in tRNA
Organs that have no function are called --- organs
Which enzymes are used to cut out sections of DNA
What are two characteristics shared by all vertebrate embryos
Gill slits and tail
Darwin showed that all species can rapidly increase in population, but most wild populations are --- over time
Which minister before Darwin concluded that human populations will grow until limited by disease or famine
Fossils show that millions of years ago the ancestors of horses were small. What are two other characteristics of these early horses
4 toes and leaf eating
Which geologist first showed that the earth was millions of years old
Which island has lemurs
Which human species was the first to use fire
Early humans, around 4 million years ago, are not in the genus homo, but instead are in the genus
Who invented PCR
The earliest ancestor of the modern horse is in the genus
Which technique was used to identify the bones of the Russian royal family
Give an example of the use of plasmids in biotechnology
Human growth hormone and insulin