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Flashcards in Test 6 Deck (25):
1

Which code on RNA is the start code at the beginning of a protein?

AUG

2

A piece of DNA that does not code for proteins in a eukaryotic cell is called an

Intron

3

How many base pairs of DNA are there in the human genome?

3 billion

4

RFLP stands for

Restriction fragment length polymorphism

5

When was the technique of PCR invented?

1989

6

How are the fragments of DNA separated in RFLP analysis?

Electrophoresis

7

When was the complete gene sequence of a nematode worm first worked out

1998

8

Using an RNA probe to find mRNA is called a --- blot

Northern

9

What was Lamarck's idea of evolution

Evolution was caused by passing on characteristics acquired during life - people who work out a lot will have babies with large muscles

10

What is meant by anticodon

Matches the 3 base codon on mRNA found in tRNA

11

Organs that have no function are called --- organs

Vestigial

12

Which enzymes are used to cut out sections of DNA

Restriction

13

What are two characteristics shared by all vertebrate embryos

Gill slits and tail

14

Darwin showed that all species can rapidly increase in population, but most wild populations are --- over time

Stable

15

Which minister before Darwin concluded that human populations will grow until limited by disease or famine

Malthus

16

Fossils show that millions of years ago the ancestors of horses were small. What are two other characteristics of these early horses

4 toes and leaf eating

17

Which geologist first showed that the earth was millions of years old

Lyell

18

Which island has lemurs

Madagascar

19

Which human species was the first to use fire

Homo erectus

20

Early humans, around 4 million years ago, are not in the genus homo, but instead are in the genus

Australopithecus

21

Who invented PCR

Kary Mullis

22

The earliest ancestor of the modern horse is in the genus

Hyracotherium

23

Which technique was used to identify the bones of the Russian royal family

RFLP analysis

24

Give an example of the use of plasmids in biotechnology

Human growth hormone and insulin

25

Which fossil links birds to reptiles

Archaeopteryx