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Flashcards in THE LIST Exam 2 Deck (28):

Bordetella pertussis

gram neg coccus
No spores, lots of toxins. Humans only host. Pertussis is severe highly contagious respiratory disease. WHOOPING COUGH. High virulence


Francisella tularensis

gram neg coccobaccili
Very contagious. Animals to humans through mosquitos or air. Skin, mucous membrane, lungs, gastrointestinal tracts. Tularemia. Sores become ulcers.


Pseudomonas aeruginosa

gram neg rod
Rarely infects humans, usually just the weak (those with cancer, AIDS). Nosocomial. 40-60% mortality rate. COD for many cystic fibrosis deaths. communicates through quorum sensing.


Legionella pneumophila

gram neg
Aquatic environments. Legionellosis disease. Nosocomial pneumonia. Must be acquired from environmental source. Bacterial pneumonia, but not in upper respiratory tract.


Burkholderia mallei

gram neg rod
Human and plant pathogen. Grows on dead and decaying matter. Causes Meliodosis and sometimes septicemia and pneumonia.


Serratia marcescens

gram neg rod
Opportunistic pathogen. Nosocomial. Antibiotic resistant. Can survive an aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Causes many different disease. Biofilms.


Proteus vulgaris

gram neg rod

Nosocomial, esp in those with compromised immune system. UTI


Yersinia pestis

gram neg rod

Bubonic plague. Bites from rats and fleas.


Haemophilus influenzae

gram neg

Bacterial inection of blood. Direct contact and inhalation. Menigtits


Bacillus anthracis

gram pos rod

Aerobic or anerobic. First shown to cause disease by Koch. Anthrax. Lysis of human cells.


Staphylococcus aureus

gram pos sphere

Antibiotic resistant super germ. Staph infections. Skin infections, food poisoing, TSS, etc. MRSA


Streptococcus pneumoniae

gram pos pointed cocci

Break down red blood cells. Pneumonia, meningitis. Prevents phagocytosis by immune cells.


Listeria monocytogenes

gram pos rod

Resistant to freezing, drying, heat. Non spore forming. Found in soil. Raw food and milk. Intestinal tract of a few humans. Can be in refrigerated foods. Septicemia, meningitis, corneal ulcers, pneumonia, cervical infections, diarrhea.


Mycobacterium tuberculosis

gram pos acid fast

Most cases of tuberculosis


Mycobacterium leprae

acid fast gram pos

Leprosy (Hansen’s disease).


Corynebacterium diphtheria

gram pos rod

Causes diphtheria. Vaccination has pretty much eradicated it in the US. Very contagious.


Propionibacterium acnes

gram pos rod

All over human body. Common inflammatory skin condition Acne vulgaris. Red inflamed skin legions.


Gardnerella vaginalis

gram neg rod

Female genital tract. Women only. Discharge, itching, pain.


Streptomyces spp.

Soil. Decomposers. Free living. Produce half of world’s antibiotics.


Bartonella henselae

gram neg curved rod

Immunocompromised people (AIDS). In the blood. Septicemia, neurological disorders. Cat Scratch Disease. Cats and humans


Chlamydia trachomatis

gram neg rod or sphere

STDs. Obligate intracellular parasite. Chlamydia. Not easily spread among women.


Bacteroides spp.

gram neg rod

Human intestines. Symbiotic relationship. Break down food. Can cause abscesses if they go elsewhere in body. Can affect CNS.


Treponema pallidum

gram neg spiral

Internal parasite. Causes syphilis (STD, or mother to child in utero). Chronic infectious disease.


Borrelia burgdorferi

gram neg

Lyme disease


Deinococcus radiodurans

gram pos sphere

Found in ground meat that was treated with radiation. Radiation resistant. Soil and feces.


Thermus aquaticus

gram neg rod

Taq polymerase. Very high temperatures.


Streptococcus pyogenes

gram pos sphere

Adheres to host cells strongly. Invades. Lots of diseases: fever, pain, dizziness, red rash. Can cause death.


Streptococcus agalactiae

Gram pos spheres

Hemolytic properties. Leading causes of invasive infections in immunocompromised people. Bacteremia, septicemia, meningitis, pneumonia.