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Block 1 Framing the empire A340 The Roman Empire > the Odyssey > Flashcards

Flashcards in the Odyssey Deck (14):
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Characters

Odysseus

Penelope

Telemachus

Laertes

King of Ithaca

His Queen

His Son

His Father

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Characters 2

Agamemnon

Clytemnestra

Orestes

Aegisthus

Son of King Atreus of Mycenae, forced to give back Chryseis to her father Chryses by Apollo takes Achilles's prize, Menelaus' brother

Agamemnon's wife

Agamemnon's Son

Clytemnestra's lover who murders Agamemnon on his return to Mycenae

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Characters 3

Zeus

Poseidon

Cyclops/Polyphemus

Hermes

Pallas Athena

Calypso

Apollo

King of the Gods

God of the sea

Poisidon's son

Messenger of the Gods, Odysseus' Great Grandfather

Daughter of Zeus, goddess of warfare and divine intelligence

A nymph who lives on Ogygia island,

God of music, poetry, sun and plague!



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Characters 4

Achilles

Nestor

Kronos

Themis

Helios

Circe

Greek hero of Troy - forced to surrender prize-Woman Briseis to Agamemnon to ensure his honour

Gerenian horseman of Pylos

King of the Titans

Goddess of order and justice

The sun god

A nymph/witch of Aeaea, daughter of Helios transformed her victims into animals




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Characters 5

Patroklos

Artemis

Eurykleia

Menelaus

Cassandra

Companion of Achilles killed by Hector

Goddess, daughter of Zeus

Odysseus' nurse

King of Sparta

Daughter of Priam taken by Agamemnon

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Characters 6

Helen

Paris

Priam

Hector

Andromache

Antyanyx

Thetis

Wife of Menelaus

Son of Priam, King of Troy

King of Troy

Priam's son

Hector's wife

Hector's son

Achilles mother a sea nymph





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Characters and places 7

Pirate Raid

Wind King

Cannibals

Witch Goddess

Philosopher

Helped by


Ismaros, the Cicones

Aeolus

Laestrygonans

Circe

old prophet Tiresias

Phacians

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Reciprocity and Background

Honour is all!

Did the world of Homer actually exist Schillemann tried to prove it via Troy IV

Homer looked back at a 'Golden Age' that was several hundred years distant and imagined the golden palaces

Dishonour -Hubris

Rape and abduction are apparently condoned in the Ancient World as part of conques

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Synopsis 1

When

Beginning

Athena

A meeting is called


10 years after the end of the ten year long Trojan War

Odysseus's house, 108 suitors demanding Penelope marries one of them as Odysseus is believed dead, Telemachus and Penelope furious

Athena asks her father to consider assisting Odysseus, his brother Poseidon bitter at Odysseus's blinding of his Cyclops son Polyphemus . Athena visits Telemachus disguised as a Taphian Chieftain called Mentor, finds him a ship and crew to search for his father

Telemachus tries to rally the citizens to obtain justice against the suitors but to no avail

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Synopsis 2

The Grenian Horseman

Escape

Wrecked

He says who he is

Telemachus visits one of the venerable heroes of Troy, Nestor of Pylos for help, rides to Sparta and talks with a reconciled
Menelaus. And Helen - Aphrodite drove her to it. Telemachus hears that his father is a captive of Calypso the nymph. He also learns of Agamemnon's fate

Odysseus is released from 7 years captivity by Calypso at Ogygia, she loves him, but Zeus orders Hermes (at Athena's behest) to order Calypso to free him. He builds a raft and leaves

Poseidon wrecks the raft and Odysseus is cast up (with the help of Ino, a sea nymph's veil) on the beach at Scherie the Island of the Phacians. Naked and exhausted he encounters Nausicaa (Athena inclines her to be enamoured of Odysseus) daughter of King Arête and Alcinous.

Odysseus reveals his name due to the blind bard Demodocus' song

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Synopsis 3

The raid

Forgetful

Cyclops

Winds

Pirate raid on Ismaros in the land of the Cicones, his fleet f twelve ships driven off course by storms

The lethargic Lotus Eaters make two of his men forget their Nostos and they have to be retrieved by frce

Captured by Polyphemus, they blind him incurring Poseidon's wrath, Odysseus told Polyphemus his name, hence Poseidon's curse that he wander the earth for ten years

Visits King Aeolus who gives him the winds in a bag except the West wind. Greedy sailors open this as they approach Ithaca and they are blown away ack to where they as come from

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Synopsis 4

Cannibals

Witch-goddess

Raising the dead, personal Wail

Escapes the S S & C

11 ships lost to the cannibalistic Laestrygonans

Circe turns half his men into swine, but Odysseus is helped to recover them by Hermes vis the drug in the plant moly which inoculates him against Circe's power. He says a year

Using Circe's advice, Odysseus raises The old prophet Tiresias for help - (Tiresias and Circe advise - do not eat Helios' cattle) - in appeasing the Gods, he also sees his now dead mother who has passed away due to grief of his loss

He manages to pass by the Sirens and the six headed Scylla, who devours six of his crew and also the whirlpool Charybdis




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Synopsis 5

Cattle of the sun

Calypso

Return

Suitors

Peace

Arrives at Thrinacia, prevented by Zeus' storms from leaving, greedy men kill several f Helios' cattle, Helios demands reciprocity, his last ship is driven towards Charybdis and all but Odysseus are drowned

Odysseus is washed up on Calypso's Ogygia

Phacians assist his return (nostos) place him on the beach at Ithaca and is assisted by his slave Eumaes and Telemachos. Argos his old dog dies in his arms

Ridiculed by suitors esp. Antinous. Eurycleia knows who he is, the bow, the contest, a dozen axe heads, the suitors are slaughtered 12 house maids hanged for aiding and succouring the suitors and betraying Penelope and kill the goatherd Melanthius who had mocked Odysseus

Athena nullifies the vendetta that Ithaca's citizens had planned against Odysseus fir the loss of the men in the ships and suitors and peace returns to Ithaca

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Important Lines

Penelope - 'They force their way upon me and recklessly plot against me'

Telemachos - 'No the gods have spun out no such strand of prosperity for me and my father,

Hector (Iliad) 'I feel shame' - 'Better to bring on the fight with him'

Priam on the youthful dead - 'Though dead still all about that shows him is beautiful'




Apollo - And nothing is gained thereby for good, of his honour' on Achilles' dragging of Hector's body