Topic 1-4: Photo's & their important to history of sci and tech Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 1-4: Photo's & their important to history of sci and tech Deck (11)
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1

Describe the importance of this photo

  • The Encyclopedia
  • Edite my Diderot & D'alembert
  • Analytical dictionary of sciences, arts & trades
  • Technology and the way people made their living was taking seriosuly b/c of this book

2

Describe the importance of this photo

  • A plate from 'The Encyclopedia' showing Jethro Tull's plough
  • new agriculture techniques
  • The Northfolk system

3

Describe the importance of this photo

  • plate from encyclopedia
  • showing some of the 18 seperate operations involved in manufacturing pins
  • Adam Smith in The Wealth of Nations used the operation of a pin factory to show the advantages of the division of labour

4

Describe the importance of this photo

  • plate from Encyclopedia
  • shows charcoal-blast furnace for making iron
  • the bellows are driven by a waterwheel on the left

5

Describe the importance of this photo

  • plate from encyclopedia
  • part of the sequnce of operation involved in making glass

6

Describe the importance of this photo

  • steam power
  • as mine shafts got deeper it became harder to remove ground water
  • Solved by Thomas Newcomens ATMOSPHERIC ENGINE
  • alternativily heated & cooled the cylinder making it inefficient unless it was right near the coal mine where fuel was inexpensive

7

Describe the importance of this photo

  • James Watt Steam Engine
  • greatly improved Necomens steam engine  by making it more efficient & lower operating costs
  • condensed the steam in a condense seprate from the main cylinder so it can remain hot throughout entire cycle

8

Describe the importance of this photo

  • The industrial age
  • The Crystal Palace
  • made for an internation exposition in London 
  • Was a cast-iron & glass structure

9

Describe the importance of this photo

  • The Flying Shuttle"
  • Invented by John Kay
  • increased efficiency of weaving 
  • increased demand for thread (seriosu bottleneck)

10

Describe the importance of this photo

  • John Watts invention
  • The pumping engine

11

Describe the importance of this photo

  • Joseph Priestly
  • Used lens to focus suns heat on mecur oxide ontop of inverted tube standing in dish full of mecury
  • any air given off would push  down level of mecury
  • found it was no ordinary air by using mouse to see it's "goodness" mouse lived longer in tube 
  • Found the gas was oxygen