Topic 1 - State Of Tech In 18th Century Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 1 - State Of Tech In 18th Century Deck (13)
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0

Who is Dennis Diderot?

16th century (1700s) writer

1

Who is Jean D'Alembert ?

Mathematician

2

Joint editors of massive work

D'Alembert & Diderot

3

What was the massive work?

The encyclopedia

4

Describe 'the encyclopedia'

1st book of its kind
17 volumes (1751-1765)
Described as vehicle for propaganda and tool for disseminating knowledge
Spread Critical approach to human behaviour, society, gov
Original Source of info on state of European tech on edge of IR

5

What are some examples found in'The Encyclopedia'

Practicle arts & craft such as :
Jethro Tulls plough
Charcoal-blast furnace for making iron
Manufacture for making pins
Glass-making

6

How many processes are there for making pins ?

18

7

Who & what were the claims and hostility towards mathematics

Dennis Dederot

Claims:
1. Mathematics will grind to a halt
2. Mathematics idealizes & deprives connection with feelings or sentiment
3. can't explain natural phenomena
4. Arrogantly in humane

8

The developing hostility towards mathematics is the spirit of...

The Romantic Revision against excessive claims of science

9

What is the case of cartography?

Famous problem of longitude (300 yr problem)

10

What was the solution to the problem of longitude?

Early 1760s
Clock maker John Harrison
Perfected a chronometer (time-measuring instrument)

11

How can you calculate longitude?

Difference between known locale & unknown locale

12

Who is John Harrison

Perfected the chronometer to solve problem of longitude
Was a clock maker