Topic 1- The early settlement of the west Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 1- The early settlement of the west Deck (11)
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1

Name three of the Plain Indian Nations

1- The Sioux
2- The Comanche
3- The Pawnees

2

Name two of the ways in which the nations differed?

1- Different languages
2- different traditions

3

Describe three features of the Nomadic lifestyle?

1. Tipis: Tent like homes for travelling
2. Travois: - A framework harnessed to a dog/horse to carry family belongings whilst travelling
3. Horses to travel across the Great Plains in search for food

4

State two main uses of the buffalo for the Plain Indians?

1. Bladder - food bags
2. Hooves - Glue/tools

5

Why did a nation operate in bands?

It was safer and more convenient for groups to travel in smaller groups

6

How were the chiefs of bands chosen and why?

- for their leadership skills,wisdom, spiritual powers
- for their skills as warriors and hunters as the band chief had to guide the band in finding food and protecting them from danger

7

Describe a limit to a chiefs power?

- In tribes like the Lakota Sioux, chiefs had no power to command their people.
-Some Bands made their own decisions.
- Some bands might follow one chief and others could follow a different leader

8

Describe the Plains Indians belief about land

- land was sacred
- farming and mining was seen as disrespectful

9

Describe the Plains Indians belief on nature

- everything in nature had a spirit
- Spirits could be contacted through 'vision quests' with spirit animals and through special ritual dances
- humans should work with the spirits

10

Describe the Plains Indians belief on War

- Wanted to minimise losses of young soldiers as they were valuable
- Main aim in fighting was to hit/touch an enemy without killing them (counting coup)

11

Describe the Plains Indians attitude to property?

- raids would take place over food, horses, weapons et.c
- Go in, go out basis
- Only selected brotherhood would go on raids to reduce tribe losses