Flashcards in Topic 5 - Development of settlement in the West Deck (16)
What were the two sides in the American Civil War and what region of America did each side represent?
1- The Union representing the North
2- The Confederancy representing the South
What were two reasons for the civil war?
1. South had slavery, and whilst the north preferred free labour
2. The South feared that as the North is growing in power, it would start to control the South
How did the Civil War affect Southerners?
South suffered a lot of devastation and so many southerners wanted to move west
How did the civil war affect slaves?
Slaves were freed at the end of the war, and many wanted to leave the south to avoid persecution, so they chose to go the west
How did the civil war affect Plains Indians?
At the end of the war, The government could start bringing their full attention to the Plain Indians, and so they were targeted by even more government troops
Who were the homesteaders?
Settlers who gained land on the plains for their farms and homes
Describe three main terms of the homestead act of 1862?
1- Heads of households could gain 160 acres of land in the West for a low price
2- Only on the condition that they built a home on the land, lived there and farmed the land for 5 years
3- After those 5 years, the land could be brought for a small price
What was the main impact of the homestead act and why?
It resulted in the largest growth of farming in US history
Give two problems that the homestead act caused?
1- Railroad companies and speculators brought up the best land
2- The land was of poor quality, which made it hard to farm on it
Give two of the aims of the Pacific Railroad act of 1864?
1. To create a railroad spanning the entire continent, joining the east coast to the West
2- To support manifest destiny
Name two railway companies set up after the act railroad act was passed and where each starting building from?
Also, state which direction they were heading
1. Central Pacific Railroad - started construction in california and was going east
2. Union Pacific Railroad - started construction in Omaha and was going west
How did the rail companies gain sufficient funds to construct the railroads?
1- The government provided land/money
2- The railroad companies sold land to ordinary people to gain extra funds
Name three effects of the completion of the first Transcontinental railroad in 1869?
1- Travel from east to the west was very quick
2- Homesteaders could now travel to the plains faster
3- Law and order could now reach the plains
What was the conditions on the plains like and what effect did this have for settlement in the west?
1- land was very dry so farming was difficult
2 - shortage of trees so it was difficult to mark out land
3- isolation meant little law-and-order enforcement so people didnt get on well with each other
Give two solutions that homesteaders came up with to deal with the problems with the plains?
1. Homesteaders made what they needed by hand
2. They built houses out of sod, instead of wood