Topic 10 - Changes in farming, the cattle industry and settlement Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 10 - Changes in farming, the cattle industry and settlement Deck (13)
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1

Name two reasons as to why the Cattle Industry boomed between 1860 and 1880?

- There was an increase of cattle as many escaped onto the plains during the civil war
- There was high demand for cattle in the east, on reservations and from the US army

2

What were two consequences of the rise in the number of ranches?

1. There was overcrowding, which meant there was an increased competition for land. This sometimes led to conflict between ranchers
2. It became harder for smaller ranchers to stay in business

3

As the industry went into decline, what happened to smaller ranchers and why?

Many smaller ranchers went out of business as they had less experience in the industry

4

Describe the impact of the winter of 1886-7

The many blizzards and low temperatures resulted in thousands of cows perishing in the cold

5

What happened to cattle ranching as a result of the cold winter and decreasing numbers of ranchers?

The cattle boom came to an end as there was a decline in the number of ranches on the Great Plains

6

What were the Jim Crow laws and where were they enforced?

The Jim Crow laws enforced racial segregation for black people in the southern states of the US

7

What was the exoduster movement?

A large-scale migration of black people from the Southern states, to Kansas in 1879

8

Why did black people want to move from the more southern states? (include 1 reason about their point of origin and 1 reason about their destination)

Origin:
- To escape the racial persecution of the South

Destination:
- It was possible to homestead in Kansas

9

What had the land that would become Oklahoma been before the Land Rush of 1893?

Oklahoma had been Indian territory

10

What happened in the Oklahoma Land rush of 1893?

100,000 people raced to claim land in Oklahoma and the first to a particular point of land was able to claim it for himself

11

Name two factors wthat resulted in many people being involved in the Land Rush?

1. There was a lot of land available, around 2 million acres
2. The USA was in a serious economic depression

12

What was the impact of the land rush?

It transformed the Land of Oklahoma very quickly as thousands of people had started to develop the land at once

13

What were two solutions to the problems faced by homesteaders?

1. Barbed wire helped to mark out the homesteaders land
2. The industrial Revolution resulted in new farming equipment for low prices and it resulted in the invention of trains, which improved transportation