Topic 8 - Changes in the way of life to the Plains Indians? Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 8 - Changes in the way of life to the Plains Indians? Deck (13)
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1

What was the opinion of many White Americans to towards the Plains Indians?

They considered the indians to be primitive savages and thought they needed to be removed in order to make way for white civilisation

2

How did railroads affect the lives of the Plains Indians?

They cut across the Indians lands and brought more and more white people to their lands

3

How did the Cattle industry affect the lives of the Plains Indians?

ranches were built on Indians lands, so the buffalo were wiped out to make way for grass that cattle can eat

4

How did Gold prospecting affect the lives of the Plains Indians?

Gold was discovered on Indian lands, which brought more and more white people to their lands

5

How did Government actions affect the lives of the Plains Indians?

The government sought to move indians from their lands in order that the land be developed for white settlers

6

What was the US government policy towards growing conflict between settlers and Indians?

the army were sent to protect the settlers and occasionally attack the Indians

7

What often happened to earlier treaties made with the Indians and why?

The government often broke earlier treaties with the Indians in order to give land to the settlers, miners and for railroads

8

What was a reservation?

Land that was put aside just for the use of the Indian tribes

9

Why did the US government continue the policy of putting Indians on reservations?

- To keep Indians apart from White settlers, so that conflict was prevented
- To keep the Indians away from resources that the white settlers needed

10

Name three jobs that the government-appointed Indian agents did

1. Ran the Indian Reservations
2. Distributed money and food to the Indians
3. Encouraged the Indians to live as farmers

11

What problem was there with many Indian agents?

Many Indian Agents became corrupt and sold to white settlers the rations that shouldve been given to the Indians

12

What was the aim of President Grant's 'Peace Policy' of 1868?

- To limit conflict with the Indians
- to try and assimilate them into American culture and religion
- To encourage indians to live on reservations

13

How did the USA's perception of Indian tribes change under President grant?

Indian tribes were no longer treated as independent nations, but as people under the protection of the US state