Topic 13: Animal Form and Function Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 13: Animal Form and Function Deck (31):
1

Epithelial tissues derive from what germ layer

all 3 germ layers

2

Describes what tissue type:

Membranes cover and protect all body surfaces

Glands

Thin with tight junctions

Epithelial tissues

3

Connective tissues derive from what germ layer

mesoderm layer

4

Describes what tissue type:

Cells are imbedded in extracellular matrix and widely spaced apart

Connective tissues

5

Connective tissue that is mainly under skin, between organ

Loose connective tissue

6

Loose connective tissue has 3 proteins in its matrix:

collagen, elastin, and reticulin

7

secrete matrix proteins in loose connective tissue

Fibroblasts

8

make histamine and heparin

Mast cells

9

blood vessel dilator protein

histamine

10

anticoagulant protein

heparin

11

flexible and strong connective tissue, mainly fibroblasts

Dense connective tissue

12

Describes what tissue:

parallel collagen fibers; ligaments and tendons

Dense regular connective tissue

13

Describes what tissue:

Random collage fibers covering organs, muscles, nerves, and bones

Dense irregular connective tissue

14

Special connective tissues include:

cartilage, bone, and blood

15

glycoprotein chondroitin sulfate found only in what tissue

Cartilage

16

Cell type in cartilage tissue

Lives in lacunae

chrondrocytes

17

osteocyte cytoplasmic processes extend in these tiny canals

Canaliculi

18

Blood proteins are

fibrinogen, albumin, and antibodies

19

protein from liver; used in blood clotting

fibrinogen

20

protein from liver; used for fluid balance

albumin

21

protein from lymphocytes; used in immune responses

antibodies

22

Muscle tissue derive from what germ layer

ectoderm layer

23

first muscle type to evolve

smooth muscle

24

Nerve tissue derive from what germ layer

ectoderm layer

25

Cell body of neuron includes what

nucleus and control center

26

thin branched extensions that receive signals and conduct them to cell body

Dendrites

27

single extension of cytoplasm that conducts impulses away from cell body; covered in insulating myelin sheaths

Axon

28

bundled collection of axons

nerves

29

collections of neuron cell bodies

ganglia

30

support, insulate, and protect neurons

neuroglia

31

neuroglial covering of axons

myelin sheath