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Flashcards in Toxins and Antidotes Deck (20):
1

Acetaminophen

N-acetylcysteine - replenishes glutathione

2

AChE inhibitors/organophosphates

Atropine + pralidoxime

3

Amphetamines (basic)

NH4Cl - acidify urine

4

Antimuscarinic/anti-cholinergic agents

Benzos
Physostigmine confirms the diagnosis
Sodium bicarbonate to narrow QRS

5

β-blockers

Glucagon

6

Carbon monoxide

100% O2

7

Copper, arsenic, gold

Penicillamine

8

Cyanide

Nitrate + Thiosulfate, hydroxocobalamin

9

Digitalis

Anti-dig Fab fragments

10

Heparin

Protamine sulfate

11

Iron

Deferoxamine, deferasirox

12

Lead

EDTA, dimercaprol, succimer, penicillamine

13

Mercury, arsenic, gold

Dimercaprol (BAL), succimer

14

Methanol, ethylene glycol

Fomepizole > ethanol, dialysis

15

Methemoglobin

Methylene blue, vitamin C

16

Opioids

Naloxone

17

Salicylates

NaHCO3 (alkalinize urine), dialysis

18

TCAs

NaHCO3 (plasma alkalization)

19

tPA, streptokinase, urokinase

Aminocaproic acid

20

Warfarin

Vitamin K, FFP (if bleeding)