Flashcards in True Learn Deck (50)
Marker for colorectal cancer?
MOA of Acetazolamide?
carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that acts at the proximal convoluted tubule and impairs bicarbonate reabsorption
Name a complication of Acetazolamide use
renal tubular acidosis type 2
HPV subtypes responsible for condyloma acuminata
6 and 11
HPV subtypes responsible for cervical cancer
At what age does schizophrenia usually present?
How long do + and - schizo sx need to last to be considered schizophrenia?
at least 6 months
Pt presents with hemiparesis/paralysis of the face and arm moreso than the LE. Where was the stroke?
Pt presents with hemineglect and aphasia. Where was the stroke?
Which structures are usually compromised in ovarian torsion?
infundibulopelvic ligament (suspensory ligament of ovary); houses Ovarian A. and V.
is an emergency
Drug of choice to reduce inflammation in ulcerative colitis?
Fever, night sweats, and weight loss are sx of what?
Caseous necrosis in which lymph nodes is indicative of TB?
Which antibodies are specific for limited cutaneous scleroderma?
Name some H2 receptor antagonists (proton pump inhibitors)
ranitidine, cimetidine, nizatidine, famotidine
Name a GI side effect common in diabetics
gastroparesis due to autonomic damage
What drug is used to treat gastroparesis in DM and how does it work?
metoclopramide; stimulates peristalsis by blocking dopamine receptors; can have extrapyramidal side effects
What is Efaviranez?
non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
Does efaviranez incorporate itself into viral DNA?
How does phenytoin cause folate deficiency?
it inhibits intestinal conjugase, an enzyme necessary to convert folate into an absorbable form in the jejunum
Name a type of agar specifically used to grow Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Thayer-Martin chocolate agar
What loop diuretic is used in people with sulfa allergy?
How is muscle contraction initiated in the myocyte?
calcium binds troponin, which causes a conformational change in troponin, causing tropomyosin to move and expose the myosin binding sites on actin
What type of virus in Rhino virus?
What are some characteristics of Rhinovirus?
picornavirus, non-enveloped, positive sense RNA virus in which the genome acts directly as mRNA. Has antigenic variability
What are sx of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegners)?
mucosal ulcers, sinusitis with rapidly progressive renal failure
(also lung involvement) organs involved shaped as a "C"
What marker is elevated in granulomatosis with polyangiitis?
What is elevated in folate deficiency?
What is elevated in B12 deficiency?
homocysteine AND methylmalonic acid