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Flashcards in U6 High Yield Deck (14)
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1

** what are the most abundant amino acids in serum.

Glutamine and alanine

2

*********

What are the essenital AA? 

"Pvt. Tim Hall"

 

Phenylalnine
Valine
Trptophan

Threonine
Isoleucine
Methionine

Histidine
Arginine
Leucine
Lysine

3

___ separate transporters of AA from the gut into intestinal epithelial cells

FIVE

4

Hartnup’s Disease sx? 

 4D’s: Diarrhea, Dermatitis, Dementia, Death)

5

how is Hartnup’s Disease dx?

diarrhea, dermatitis, dementia, death with HIGH LEVELS OF NEUTRAL OR AROMATIC AA IN URINE

6

what is the defect in Cysinuria? 

A defect in the transport system for basic amino acids and cystine (a disulfide- linked dimer of cysteine) from the gut and the renal tubules.

7

Cystinuria sx? 

crystals formed by cystine can lead to UTI AND KIDNEY STONES

8

Glycine  is converted by____  to serine

 

 serine hydroxymethyltransferase

9

Glycine  is converted by serine hydroxymethyltransferase to _____

 

serine

10

Glycine  is converted by serine hydroxymethyltransferase to serine, which is then converted to ____

 

pyrvuate

11

Glycine  is converted by serine hydroxymethyltransferase to serine

was is taken up? what is removed?

 

12

how can glyceine be broken down into Co2 and free ammonia? 

Glycine Cleavage Enzyme (glycine synthase, run in reverse)

13

glycine---> co2 and NH4

what is given off

14

glycine---> 

via GLYCINE CLEAVAGE ENZYME

CO2 + NH4