Introduction to Carbs U6L01 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Introduction to Carbs U6L01 Deck (16)
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1

β

2

this is ____

 

α-D-galactose 

2

this is ___

its cleaved by ___

amylose

Glucoamylase cleaves α1,4   of terminal glucoses and α-Amylase  (internal a1,4)

4

alpha carbon is the carbon  that is attached to____

the OH group is attached at the anomeric carbon (a)

5

α 

6

α-D-glucose 

6

what is important about this

cellulose

glucose-glucose β-1,4 linkages can't be digested in humans

7

this is ___ it is digested by ___

Maltotriose 

digested by exoglucosoidase (terminal a1,4 bond) and by maltase (to make maltose and glucose)

9

this is ___

its is broken by ___ into ___ and ___

lactose

broken down by lactase into glucose and galactose

10

this is ___ 

it is brokendown by ___ into ___ and ___

sucrose

broken down into glucose and fructose by sucrase

11

this is ___

it is digested by ____

amylopectin and glycogen

glucose residues in α-1,4 linkage, with α-1,6 branches. 

 

1,4 linkage digested by glucoamylase (terminal) and a-amylase (internal)

11

this is ___

it is digested by ____

 

1,4 linked with 1,6 branches, no CH2OH at top

α-dextrin

1,4 bonds with 1,6 linkages

glucoamylase (terminal a1,4 bond) and isomaltose (α-1,6 bond in branches)

13

this is ___

β-D-fructose 

only B*

14

this is ___ 

it is brokendown by ___ into ___ and ___

isomaltose

broken down by Isomaltase into glucose and glucose

15

this is ___

its is broken into ___ and ___

maltase

broken into glucose and glucose

16

β-D-fructose