Flashcards in UK/ Rest Of Europe Deck (45)
What is the largest wine- producing region in China?
What is Gamza?
A Bulgarian synonym for Kadarka
What are the two major winemaking region of the two Czech Republic?
Bohemia and Moravia
What does Barik indicate on a Bulgarian bottle?
The wine was barrel- fermented in casks no larger than 500L
In what country is the wine region of Krasnooar located?
In what region is Contari produced?
Key region, Lebanon
UK Climate, Weather, Soils
Cool, maritime, climate. Tempered by the Gulfstream and global warming. Variable weather gives annual vintage variations. Rain and frost are major problems. Soils are varied but good drainage is essential.
UK Key Black Grapes
Name 2 of the 6 key white grapes
Climate, Weather, Soils
Sunny dry Continental.
Milder and more humid near Black Sea.
Fewer variations in vintages
Climate, Weather, Soils
Sunny dry continental.
Milder and more humid near Black Sea. Fewer variations in vintages.
Key grape varieties
Black: Pinot Noir, Merlot
White: Feteasca, Welschriesling
Key grape Varieites
Black: Cab Sav, Merlot, Gamza, Maurvo
White: Aligote, Chardonnay
Key region of Romania?
Key region of Thracian Valley, Danube Plain, Stuma Valley, Black Sea Region are located in what country?
What is the labelling term equivalent to French AC
Greece, Cyprus, Lebannon- Climate
Warm Hot Mediterranean
What is the main white grape of Santorini?
Assyrtiko. Attiri and Aidani are two lesser used grapes on the island.
England and Wales- History and Trade
Producer for 1000 yrs. Site selection and replanting (recent) has lead to 812 ha now under vine.
1992- British Quality Scheme (QWS). Wines must be tasted and come from 100% vinifera varieties. Wine can be labelled as English (or Welsh) Vineyards Quality Wine. The huge plantings of Seyval Blanc not eligible as they have non vinifera parentage.
1996- RWS (regional wine scheme) introduced to assess any variety of wine.
Growing Environment- England and Wales
Latitude above 51 degrees north, moderated by maritime and Gulf stream influences. Global warming a positive influence on UK viticulture. Spring frosts and wet weather at flowering a problem. Long season and mild autumns. Disease control an issue due to high rainfall. Best sites in south/ south- east have chalk or limestone subsoil which is a continuation of that found in Champagne.
Viticulture- England and Wales
Many training systems used. VSP common, use of systems as Geneva Double Curtain, Lyre and Scot Henry to deal with vigorous growth conditions. Site selections is of great importance to maximise ripeness. Half to all vineyards in the UK ae under 1ha and yields are small. Small numbers of grower/ producers. Most sell grapes or wine to large wineries.
Bacchus, Huxelrebe and Phoenix- England and Wales
Light body, crisp acidity with an herbaceous nettle like character. Low yields give an intense flavour character.
Reichensteiner and Seyval Blanc- England and Wales
Non- aromatic with high acidity. High yielding with good disease resistance. Used for sparkling and still production, Reichensteiner bulk wine for blends. Seyval Blanc often barrel aged producing wines with peaches and cream finish.
Ortega- England and Wales
High sugar levels, susceptible to noble rot. Used to make sweet wines with zesty citrus fruit and moderate acidity.
Dornfelder and Rondo- England and Wales
Deep black wines with low tannin. Light body and crisp acidity. Rondo is one hybrid variety permitted for quality wine production in the EU. Red wine increasing in importance.
Pinot Noir, Chardonnay and Pinot Meunier- England and Wales
Plantings increasing as production of sparkling wine increases.
Vinification- England and Wales
Most grapes are sold to large wineries and wine produced sold under the winery label. Reduces production costs and enables adequate supply. Enrichment is permitted and takes place for nearly every wine. Wine can be sweetened by grape concentrate by either imported or British grape concentrate. Quality wine must be sweetened only by British concentrate.
Wine Styles- England and Wales
Marginal climate means majority of wine is white, unoaked, low alcohol, high acidity from varieties with aroma profiles similar to Muscat or Gewürztraminer.