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Flashcards in UK/ Rest Of Europe Deck (45)
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1

What is the largest wine- producing region in China?

Ning Xia

2

What is Gamza?

A Bulgarian synonym for Kadarka

3

What are the two major winemaking region of the two Czech Republic?

Bohemia and Moravia

4

What does Barik indicate on a Bulgarian bottle?

The wine was barrel- fermented in casks no larger than 500L

5

In what country is the wine region of Krasnooar located?

Russia

6

In what region is Contari produced?

Moldova, Romania

7

Bakaa Valley

Key region, Lebanon

8

UK Climate, Weather, Soils

Cool, maritime, climate. Tempered by the Gulfstream and global warming. Variable weather gives annual vintage variations. Rain and frost are major problems. Soils are varied but good drainage is essential.

9

UK Key Black Grapes

Dornfelder
Rondo
Pinot Noir
Pinot Meunier

10

UK
Name 2 of the 6 key white grapes

Bacchus
Ortega
Reichensteiner
Schonberger
Seyual Blanc
Chardonnay

11

Romania
Climate, Weather, Soils

Sunny dry Continental.
Milder and more humid near Black Sea.
Fewer variations in vintages

12

Bulgaria
Climate, Weather, Soils

Sunny dry continental.
Milder and more humid near Black Sea. Fewer variations in vintages.

13

Romania
Key grape varieties

Black: Pinot Noir, Merlot
White: Feteasca, Welschriesling

14

Bulgaria
Key grape Varieites

Black: Cab Sav, Merlot, Gamza, Maurvo
White: Aligote, Chardonnay

15

Key region of Romania?

Dealumare

16

Key region of Thracian Valley, Danube Plain, Stuma Valley, Black Sea Region are located in what country?

Bulgaria

17

Bulgaria
What is the labelling term equivalent to French AC

Controllian

18

Greece, Cyprus, Lebannon- Climate

Warm Hot Mediterranean

19

What is the main white grape of Santorini?

Assyrtiko. Attiri and Aidani are two lesser used grapes on the island.

20

England and Wales- History and Trade

Producer for 1000 yrs. Site selection and replanting (recent) has lead to 812 ha now under vine.

1992- British Quality Scheme (QWS). Wines must be tasted and come from 100% vinifera varieties. Wine can be labelled as English (or Welsh) Vineyards Quality Wine. The huge plantings of Seyval Blanc not eligible as they have non vinifera parentage.

1996- RWS (regional wine scheme) introduced to assess any variety of wine.

21

Growing Environment- England and Wales

Latitude above 51 degrees north, moderated by maritime and Gulf stream influences. Global warming a positive influence on UK viticulture. Spring frosts and wet weather at flowering a problem. Long season and mild autumns. Disease control an issue due to high rainfall. Best sites in south/ south- east have chalk or limestone subsoil which is a continuation of that found in Champagne.

22

Viticulture- England and Wales

Many training systems used. VSP common, use of systems as Geneva Double Curtain, Lyre and Scot Henry to deal with vigorous growth conditions. Site selections is of great importance to maximise ripeness. Half to all vineyards in the UK ae under 1ha and yields are small. Small numbers of grower/ producers. Most sell grapes or wine to large wineries.

23

Bacchus, Huxelrebe and Phoenix- England and Wales

Light body, crisp acidity with an herbaceous nettle like character. Low yields give an intense flavour character.

24

Reichensteiner and Seyval Blanc- England and Wales

Non- aromatic with high acidity. High yielding with good disease resistance. Used for sparkling and still production, Reichensteiner bulk wine for blends. Seyval Blanc often barrel aged producing wines with peaches and cream finish.

25

Ortega- England and Wales

High sugar levels, susceptible to noble rot. Used to make sweet wines with zesty citrus fruit and moderate acidity.

26

Dornfelder and Rondo- England and Wales

Deep black wines with low tannin. Light body and crisp acidity. Rondo is one hybrid variety permitted for quality wine production in the EU. Red wine increasing in importance.

27

Pinot Noir, Chardonnay and Pinot Meunier- England and Wales

Plantings increasing as production of sparkling wine increases.

28

Vinification- England and Wales

Most grapes are sold to large wineries and wine produced sold under the winery label. Reduces production costs and enables adequate supply. Enrichment is permitted and takes place for nearly every wine. Wine can be sweetened by grape concentrate by either imported or British grape concentrate. Quality wine must be sweetened only by British concentrate.

29

Wine Styles- England and Wales

Marginal climate means majority of wine is white, unoaked, low alcohol, high acidity from varieties with aroma profiles similar to Muscat or Gewürztraminer.

30

England- 2015

A frost-free spring led to a cool spring. Flowering weather was very good, but two weeks late, and with a cool summer, characterised by untypical cool nights, grapes were slow to develop. August and most of September were cooler than average and many growers were despairing of harvesting later varieties. However, a good end to September and an exceptionally warm October saved growers and most picked good yields of healthy grapes. Altogether a very good year for both still and sparkling wines, although Chardonnay based sparkling wines will want long ageing. Total harvest estimated to be 4.5 m bottles off 1,600 hectares.