Flashcards in Greece Deck (154)
How many PGI in Greece?
Wines of traditional Appellation
Verdea: Type of "Vinho Verde" produced on the island of Zakynthos from under ripe grapes- Skiado- Poulo (50%), Paulos, Asporobola (White Robola) and Goustoltdi varieties.
Retsina: (Retintis Oenos)- 15 wines may carry geographical appellations (PGI area wines) eg Retsina Attiki, Retsina Viotia, Retsina Evia). Grape Varietals: Savatiano and Rhoditis flavoured with Attica pine resin (removed @ racking)
Greek PDO wines- 28
Anchalos, Amyento, Goumenisa, Dafnes, Zitsa, Lemnos, Mantina, Maurodaphne of Cephalonia, Mavrodaphne of Patras, Monemvassia- Malvasia, Muscat of Lephlonia, Muscat of Lemnos, Muscat of Patras, Muscat of Rio Patras, Muscat of Rhodes, Messekola, Naossa, Nemea, Paros, Patras, Pelas, Slopes of Meliton, Rapsani, Rhodes, Robolla of Cephalonia, Samos, Santorini, Sitia
Finest- multi purpose, dry wines, with citrus aromas. High acid. Santorini (Vin Santo), Macedonia and Attica
Thin skin. Aromatic low acid, blending grape
(At ee tha née) Cyclades aromatic, medium acid blending grape with Assyrtiko and Athiri
Pronounced acidity- peach, melon flavours
Plantings in Macedonia and Attica. Aromatic full bodies, medium acidity tropical flavours.
In Cephalonia citrus and peach notes
Rose skin, Attica, Macedonia, Peleponnese (AOC Patra) low yields
Prodominant in Attica
(Tsa oo see): Plantings mainly in Cephalonia
(Ah yor tee ti Ko): Plantings principally Nemea deep colours, soft tannins. Moderate acidity can produce wines with aging potential
(Ksee no mavro): Plantings in Macedonia tannic wines with aging potential complex aromas red fruits. Spices.
(Mavro thaf née): Plantings in Pelponnese and Ionian Islands. Blended with Korinthiaki to produce fortified dessert wine (Mavrodaphne) good results in blends with Refosco, Agiorghitiko and Cab Sauvignon
- Xinomavro, the most important grape
- Important PDO districts
Naoussa: One of the first AOP regions and located on the slopes of Mt Vermion. Full bodied reds from Xinomavro (Boutari grand reserve)
Cotes De Methion: Red white and rose from native & French varieties (Chateau Carras)
Amynteo: Remote Nrthn area. Sparkling Rose and light reds from Xinomavro.
Goumenissa: N of Naossa. Red wines from Negoka & Xinomavro
Rapsani: Red wines from Xinomavro
Zitsa: White wines (Dry, off dry, Sparkling) from Debina grape.
- Phylloxera free area
- Nemea: Red wines from Agiorgitiko grape near Corinth
- Muscat De Patras
- Mavrodaphne of Patras
- Patras- dry white- Nrthn coast
- High altitude vineyards Central Peleponnese
- Moschofilero most important grape
- Made in still white and rose versions as well as sparkling
- Continental climate with poor, well drained soils also leads to the production of some exciting aromatic white wines
- Wine industries on Santorini, Crete, Rhodes, Samos
- Combination of Mediterranean climate with the rocky volcanic soils
- Grapes: Assyrtiko, Atyiri, Aidani, Mavrotragano, Muscat
- Producers: Domaine Sigalas (Santorini), Boutari Fantaxometocho Estate (Crete)
Samos- Aegean Islands
Sweet wines produced from Muscat A Petits grains. Samos Vin Doux.
Samos Nectar: Sundried fruit, Natural fermentation, aged 3 yrs in wood
Samos Grand Cru: VDN grapes sourced from selected sites
Samos Anthemis: VDL aged 5 yrs in wood
Why was Greek wine originally resinated?
To flavour and protect the vine from Savatiano grapes
Are the following grapes white or red? Agirogitiko, Xinomavro, Asyrtiko, Roditis
Red= Agiorgitiko, Xinomavro
White= Roditis, Asyrtiko
The better vineyards in Greece face which direction? North, South, East, West
What are the three tiers within the Greek wine quality pyramid?
High to Low= Appellation wines (AO), Regional wines (TO), Table wines......and Retsina
Where are europe's oldest vineyards located?
Approximately how many indigenous grape varieties are to be found in Greece?
What is Mavrodaphne?
Dark sweet desert wine from Central Greece