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Flashcards in Greek White Varieties Deck (20)
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1

Aidani: Greek

Color: White

Grape Parentage: unknown

Place of Origin: Cyclades (Santorini), or possibly Adana in south-eastern Turkey

Origin of Grape Name: Possibly derived from the city of Adana

Major Countries of Production: Greece

Synonyms: Aidani Aspro, Aedano Leyko, Aspaedano, Moschaïdano, Aspraïdano

Viticultural Characteristics: Resistance to Drought, Thick-Skinned, High Yielding, Susceptible to Mildew

Preferred Soil Type: volcanic soil

Common Blending Partners: Assyrtiko, Athiri (Aidani is best used as in a blend with Assyrtiko for Vinsanto)

2

Assytriko: Greek

Color: White

Grape Parentage: unconfirmed, although recent genetic study suggests a parent-offspring relationship with Gaidouria and Platani

Place of Origin: Santorini

Origin of Grape Name: "Assyrtiko" may derive from "Assyrian"

Major Countries of Production:
Greece: 1,821 ha (2012, Greek Ministry of Agriculture)

Synonyms: None

Viticultural Characteristics: Loose Clusters, Small-Berried, Thick-Skinned, Prone to Oxidation, Resistant to Drought, Resistant to Mildew

Preferred Soil Type: volcanic soil

Common Blending Partners: Athiri, Aidani, Malagousia, Sauvignon Blanc

Typical Descriptors and Structure for Santorini Assyrtiko

Visual: Straw with Hints of Green, Moderate Concentration

Aromas/Flavors:
Fruit: Citrus (Lemon, Lime), Yellow Apple, Stone Fruit in warmer vintages

Floral: Citrus Blossoms, Gardenia, Dried Flowers

Oxidative: Slight Hazelnut

Other: Lees, Petrol (particularly after 3-4 years of bottle age)

Earth: Sulfur, Ash, Flint, Gunsmoke, Lava Rock

Oak: None (although most producers do have a barrique-aged bottling in their range)

Structure: Dry, Moderate Plus Body, Low Tannin (Assyrtiko is an extremely phenolic grape), High Acidity (3.0 pH is average), Elevated to High Alcohol

3

Athiri: Greek

Color: White

Grape Parentage: unknown

Place of Origin: Santorini

Origin of Grape Name: The grape's name derives from "Thira," the official name of Santorini and its main city.
Major Countries of Production: Greece (Santorini and Rhodes)

Synonyms: Athiri Aspro, Asparathiri, Athiri Lefko/Leyko
Viticultural Characteristics: Resistance to Drought, Mid-Ripening, Susceptible to Mildew, High Vigor

Preferred Soil Type: calcareous soil

Common Blending Partners: Assyrtiko (in Santorini, Athiri typically blends with Assyrtiko to soften the latter's high acid and create more approachable dry wines)

4

Malagousia: Greek

The first commercial release of Malagousia was a 1993 bottling from Porto Carras.

Color: White

Regions of Production: Macedonia, Attica, Peloponnese

Grape Parentage: unconfirmed

Place of Origin: Aitoloakarnania (western Central Greece)

Origin of Grape Name:

Synonyms: None
Viticultural Characteristics: Early-maturing (harvests occur in late August)

Preferred Soil Type:

Common Blending Partners: None

Typical Descriptors and Structure for Malagousia

Aromas/Flavors: Moderate Plus to High Intensity of Aromas, Apricot/Peach, Ripe Pear, Mango, Pyrazine Notes (Bell Pepper), Basil, Mint, Jasmine, New Oak is often used

Structure: Dry (although sweet examples are produced), Moderate Plus Body, Moderate to Moderate Plus Alcohol, Moderate Acid

5

Moschofilero: Greek

Color: White and Red (some clones are red-skinned, some are white-skinned, but the wine is always white)

Regions of Production: Peloponnese (Mantinia PDO, Arkadia PGI)

Grape Parentage: unconfirmed

Place of Origin: unconfirmed

Origin of Grape Name: "Fileri" is a collective name used for a family of grape varieties since the 1800s. In the early 2000s, the clone Moschofilero ("aromatic" Filero) was isolated in vineyards.

Synonyms: Fileri (however, the red-skinned Fileri Attiki may be a different variety, rather than a clone)

Viticultural Characteristics: Late-maturing (harvests occur in late October)

Major Clones: As of 2012, Greek ampelographers have identified 11 distinct clones of Fileri. The following four are the most important.
- Moschofilero ("aromatic")
- Mavrofilero ("black")
- Xanthofilero ("blonde")
- Asprofilero ("white")

Preferred Soil Type: Soils vary, but Moschofilero requires cool nights and high altitudes (600 meters above sea level or more) to properly ripen and develop aroma

Common Blending Partners: Asprouda

Typical Descriptors and Structure for Mantinia PDO Moschofilero

Aromas/Flavors: Moderate Plus to High Intensity of Aromas, Sweet Citrus, Lemon Blossom, Kaffir, Rose, No Oak

Structure: Dry, Moderate Body, Moderate Alcohol, Elevated to High Acidity

6

Robola: Greek

Color: White

Regions of Production: Cephalonia (PDO Robola of Cephalonia and PGI Slopes of Enos)

Grape Parentage: unconfirmed (Robola and Ribolla Gialla are not synonymous)

Place of Origin: unconfirmed

Origin of Grape Name: the name "Robola" may derive from the Greek "rhombus" ("romba" in Italian), a shape associated with mystical properties

Synonyms:

Viticultural Characteristics: Late Flowering yet Early-maturing (there are typically only 60 days between flowering and harvest), Prone to Grey Rot

Major Clones:

Preferred Soil Type: thin, potassium-rich limestone soils (the Italians once referred to Robola of Cephalonia as Vino di Sasso, or "stone wine")

Common Blending Partners: Robola is typically produced as a varietal wine on Cephalonia, but it may be blended elsewhere with other Ionian white grapes like Tsaoussi, Vostylidi, Kakotrigi, Zakynthino and Mothonios

**As Robola of Cephalonia is Greece's only "varietal" PDO, the name "Robola" may not be used on labels elsewhere in Greece

7

Roditis: Greek

Color: White (Pink-Skinned)

Regions of Production: Roditis is the second most planted white grape throughout Greece, but the best varietal examples are produced in Patras PDO.

Grape Parentage: unconfirmed

Place of Origin: Peloponnese

Origin of Grape Name: "Roditis", like "Rhodes", translates to "rose." The variety was presumably named for the rosy color of its ripe grapes.

Synonyms: None (however, the name "Rhoditis" is often applied to other unrelated pink-skinned grapes in Greece)

Viticultural Characteristics: Late-maturing (harvests occur in late September/early October), Low pH (3.1-3.2 average)

Major Clones:
- Alepou ("fox"): This clone is the most aromatic, and it reaches the highest sugar content at harvest.
- Gaidouro ("donkey")
- Green (the "classic" clone)

Preferred Soil Type:
Common Blending Partners: Savvatiano, Assyrtiko

8

Savvatino: Greek

Color: White

Regions of Production: Central Greece (Attiki, Viotia, Evia)

Grape Parentage: unconfirmed

Place of Origin: Attiki (Attica)

Origin of Grape Name: "Savvatiano" is the Greek word for "Sabbath", or "Saturday"

Synonyms: Asprouda, Doumbrena Aspri, Kountoura Aspri, Perahoritiko, Sakeiko

Viticultural Characteristics: Late-maturing (mid- to late September), Disease-Resistant

Preferred Soil Type:

Common Blending Partners: Roditis

9

Vidiano: Greek

Color: White

Regions of Production: Crete (PGI Crete, Chania, Rethymno, Heraklion)

Grape Parentage: unconfirmed

Place of Origin: Crete

Synonyms: Avidiano

Viticultural Characteristics: Late-Ripening

Major Clones:

Preferred Soil Type:

Common Blending Partners: Vilana, Plyto

10

Thrace- Greece

Roditis, Limnio

11

Macedonia- Greece

Xinomavro

12

Epirus- Greece

Debina

13

Thessalia- Greece

Xinomavro

14

Central Greece (Sterea Ellada)- Greece

Savatiano

15

Peloponnese- Greece

Agiorghitiko, Moschofilero

16

Ionian Islands- Greece

Robola, Tsaoussi

17

Aegean Islands- Greece

Athiri, Mandelaria, Muscat, Assyrtico

18

Crete- Greece

Vidiano, Vilana, Liatiko, Kotsifali

19

Thrace: Greece

PGI Regional Wines: Thrace

PGI District Wines: Evros

PGI Area Wines: Avdira, Ismaros

20

Central Greece (Sterea Ellada)

PGI Regional Wines: Central Greece

PGI District Wines: Attiki (Attica), Evia

PGI Area Wines:
- Located in the district of Attiki:
Anavyssos
Gerania
Ilion
Koropi
Markopoulo
Pallini
Peanea
Slopes of Kitherona (located in both Attiki and Viotia)
Slopes of Pendeliko
Spata
Vilitsa
- Located in the district of Evia:
Karystos
Lilantio Pedio
Ritsona
- Located in the district of Fthiotida:
Martino
Opountia Lokrida
Parnassos (located in both Fthiotida and Fokida)
Slopes of Knimida
Valley of Atalanti
- Located in the district of Viotia:
Slopes of Parnitha
Slopes of Kitherona (located in both Attiki and Viotia)
Thebes (Thiva)

PGI Traditional Appellation Retsina Designations in Central Greece
- PGI District Retsina: Attiki (Attica), Evia, Viotia
- PGI Area Retsina: Karystos, Megara, Mesogeia, Markopoulo, Koropi, Pallini, Peanea, Pikermi, Spata, Ritsona, Thebes (Thiva), Yaltra, Chalkis