WSET3-C24 - Tokaj Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in WSET3-C24 - Tokaj Deck (56)
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1

Where is the region of Tokaj?

In the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains in the far north east of Hungary and close to the Slovakian border

2

Describe the climate of Tokaj

Moderate continental

3

Where are the best vineyards of Tokaj located?

On hillside slopes with southerly aspects

4

How are the conditions created for noble rot to develop in Tokaj?

By the Bodrog and Tisza rivers and their many tributaries They generate the necessary early morning humidity

5

What are the three principal grape varieties used for the creation of Tokaji?

Furmint

Hárslevelű

Sárga Muskotály

6

What is the most widely planted variety used in the making of Tokaji?

Furmint

7

Describe Hungarian wines made from Furmint

Concentrated, high acid wines Flavours of apples when young Nuts and honey when aged

8

What is the principal grape variety used for Aszú wines?

Furmint

9

Why is Furmint better known for Aszú wines than dry wines?

Due to its late-ripening and susceptibility to botrytis

10

What does Hárslevelű contribute to a blend? Is it early or late-ripening?

Perfume Late-ripening

11

By what more common name is Sárga Muskotály known?

Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains

12

What is Sárga Muskotály used for in blends?

Its aromatic qualities

13

What styles are Tokaji made into?

Sweet wines Dry wines

14

What is unique about completed Tokaji wines?

Sweet wines are sold in 50cl bottles (dry are in 75cl bottles)

15

Describe a producer's output during an average vintage in Tokaj

Depending on the degree of noble rot development, a producer will often make a number of different styles

16

How do producers allow for different styles in Tokaj?

They may separate the grapes into three different categories during the harvest

17

What is the Hungarian name for rotten grapes?

Aszú

18

How will appropriate grapes be separated during harvest in Hungary?

Pickers will pass through the vineyards several times, selecting individual aszú grapes

The remainder will be picked separately

19

What does Szamorodni mean?

'As it comes'

20

What is Szamorodni?

It involves picking bunches partially affected by noble rot

21

What is the role of dry Tokaji wines unaffected by botrytis?

Gaining in importance

Allows producers to make wine when noble rot is less rife

22

Describe the range of styles of dry Tokaji

From simple, unoaked, early-drinking wines to more concentrated, age-worthy blends, which are often fermented and matured in new oak

23

What are dry Tokaji wines usually made from?

Furmint

24

What are the Hungarian terms for dry and sweet?

Dry: Száraz

Sweet: Édes

25

What is unique about dry Szamorodni wines?

They will show noble rot characters

26

Describe the role of ageing for Szamorodni wines

They must be aged in cask for a minimum of one year and be a minimum of two years old before release

Casks are not completely filled to allow for flor to form on the surface

27

Which wine has a similar character to Szamorodni?

Fino Sherry

28

Which Tokaji wines use flor?

Only Szamorodni

29

What is the result of flor not being used for sweet styles of Tokaji?

They may have an oxidative character

30

What is the trend with sweet Tokaji making now?

To fill the casks, avoiding the risk of oxidative character developing