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Flashcards in Unit 1 Deck (50):
1

attrition

1. n. the act of weakening or exhausting by abuse or attack 削弱/消耗
2. n. the act of rubbing together: friction 摩擦/磨损

2

transmute

v. to change or alter especially to a higher form (使)变形/使质变

3

hegemony

n. preponderant influence or authority over others: domination 霸权/主导权

4

irk

v. to make weary, irritated, or bored 激怒/使之厌倦/使烦恼

5

recrudescence

n. a new outbreak after a period of abatement or inactivity: renewal 复苏/使复发

6

perfidy

n. the quality of state of being faithless or disloyal: treachery

7

reverent

adj. expressing or characterized by respect and honor: worshipful 虔诚的/恭敬的

8

vapid

adj. lacking liveliness, tang, briskness, or force: flat, dull 无聊的/死气沉沉的

9

recrimination

n. a retaliatory accusation (报复性的)指控/反责

10

supplicate

v. to make an earnest and humble request 恳请/祈求

11

careworn

adj. showing the effect of grief or anxiety 忧心忡忡的/焦虑的

12

cavort

vi. to bound or prance about in a sprightly manner; caper 欢快地蹦跳或行走/雀跃

13

cordon

n. 警戒线
v. to form a protective or restrictive cordon around 围成一道防线

14

exigent

adj. requiring immediate aid or action 紧急的

15

fringe

n. something that resembles such a border or edging 边缘
vt. to be adjacent to 与。。接壤/位于。。的边缘

16

gear

v. to adjust or adapt so as to make suitable 调整(以配合)

17

gibe

v. to deride or tease with taunting words 嘲弄

18

intercessor

n. one that mediates 调停者

19

inure

vt. to accustom to accept something undesirable 使习惯接受不好的东西
vt. to make able to withstand physical hardship, strain, or exposure 使坚强

20

knead

vt. to make or shape by or as if by folding, pressing, and stretching with the hands 揉捏/塑造

21

macabre

adj. suggesting the horror of death and decay; gruesome 恐怖的

22

onerous

adj. requiring much time, effort, or careful attention 费时间花心思的

23

pandemic

adj. widespread; general 大范围流行的

24

scrappy

adj. having an aggressive and determined spirit, quarrelsome 好斗的/好吵架的

25

seemly

adv. following the established traditions of refined society and good taste 得体的/遵守礼节的

26

simpleton

n. a person lacking in common sense; a stupid person (缺乏常识的)笨蛋

27

twig

v. to have a clear idea of 了解

28

heckle

v. to harass and try to disconcert with questions, challenges, or gibes 起哄/使难堪

29

abrogate

v. to abolish by authoritative action, annul 官方的正式废除
v. to treat as nonexistent 无视(某事的)存在

30

craven

adj. lacking the least bit of courage; contemptibly fainthearted 非常懦弱的/因胆小而遭人鄙视的

31

depose

vi. to testify to under oath or by affidavit 宣誓作证
vt. to remove from a throne or other high position 废黜/罢免
vt. to arrange something in a certain spot or position 摆放

32

effluvium

n. an offensive exhalation or smell 难闻的气味
n. a byproduct especially in the form of waste 没用的副产品,废品

33

execrate

v. to declare to be morally wrong or evil 谴责
v. to dislike strongly 痛恨

34

fortify

vt. to give physical strength, courage, or endurance to 加固/鼓励
vt. to prepare (oneself) mentally or emotionally 做好心理准备

35

hale

adj. free from infirmity or illness: sound 强壮的/健壮的
vt. to cause to follow by applying steady force on 拖/拉

36

unremitting

adj. going on and on without any interruptions 连续不断的

37

runic

adj. having some secret or mysterious meaning 神秘的

38

plump

adj. well-rounded and full in form 丰满的
v. to give full support or praise 鼎力支持/赞不绝口

39

fallow

adj. left untilled or unsown after plowing 休耕的
adj. not being in a state of use, activity, or employment 闲置的

40

unwonted

adj. not habitual or ordinary; unusual 不习惯的/不寻常的

41

antic

adj. characterized by clownish extravagance or absurdity 滑稽可笑的

42

aseptic

adj. preventing infection 消毒的/无菌的
adj. lacking vitality 缺乏活力的
adj. lacking emotion, or warmth 冷漠的

43

jest

n. a frivolous mood or manner 轻浮的态度

44

latitude

n. freedom from normal restraints, limitations, or regulations (行动或言论)自由

45

patronize

vt. to provide aid or support for 赞助
vt. to adopt an air of condescension toward: treat haughtily or coolly 以高人一等的态度对待

46

petulant

adj. easily irritated or annoyed 易怒的/爱发脾气的

47

scruple

n. an uneasy feeling about the rightness of what one is doing or going to do (良心上的)不安

48

indolent

adj. averse to activity, effort, or movement: habitually lazy 懒惰的/懒散的

49

limpid

adj. marked by transparency and clarity: pellucid 透明的/清澈的
adj. absolutely serene and untroubled 平静的/无忧无虑的

50

recant

v. to withdraw or repudiate formally and publicly: renounce (宣布)放弃/(公开)撤回