Unit 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 6 Deck (50):
1

gaffe

n. a social or diplomatic blunder (社交上)失礼,失态
n. a blatant mistake or misjudgment 明显的错误/错误判断

2

bathetic

adj. characterized by exceptional commonplaceness 平凡的/陈腐的

3

gash

n. a long deep cut 深长的伤口或切口
vt. to make a gash in 砍伤/划开

4

perambulate

v. to travel over or through especially on foot for exercise or pleasure 徒步穿越/走过

5

dally

vi. to spend time doing nothing 虚度时光
vi. to engage in activity for amusement 玩乐
vi. to move or act slowly 慢吞吞/磨磨蹭蹭

6

torpor

n. lack of interest or concern 缺乏兴趣
n. physical or mental inertness (肉体或精神上的)迟钝,懒散

7

virulent

adj. extremely poisonous or venomous 有毒的
adj. marked by a rapid, severe, and destructive course 凶残的

8

wag

n. a humorous or droll person 幽默诙谐的人
v. to move to and fro or up and down especially with quick jerky motions 摆动

9

squeamish

adj. affected with nausea 恶心的/晕船的

10

eleemosynary

adj. of, relating to, or supported by charity 慈善的

11

diatribe

n. a long angry speech or scolding 长篇抨击性演讲
n. ironic or satirical criticism 挖苦/讽刺的指责

12

caprice

n. an impulsive change of mind 一时冲动的决定
n. an inclination to change one's mind impulsively 反复无常/善变

13

limber

adj. capable of being shaped: flexible 可塑的/柔软的

14

sacrilege

n. desecration, profanation, misuse, or theft of something sacred 亵渎圣物

15

overbearing

adj. domineering in manner: arrogant 专横傲慢的
adj. overwhelming in power or significance; predominant, coming before all others in importance 压倒一切的/(在力量或重要性上)势不可挡的/支配的/显著的

16

intrepid

adj. characterized by resolute fearlessness, fortitude, and endurance 无畏的

17

skittish

adj. easily frightened 容易受到惊吓的/胆小的
adj. easily excited by nature 容易激动的
adj. likely to change frequently, suddenly, or unexpectedly 善变的/多变的

18

providential

adj. happening as if through divine intervention 天意的/幸运(的)

19

warp

vt. to turn from a correct or proper course 使偏向
vt. to twist (something) out of a natural or normal shape or condition 扭曲/变形
vt. to change so much as to create a wrong impression or alter the meaning of 曲解

20

buck

v. to refuse assent, to refuse to give in to 阻止/反对
v. to shift possession of (something) from one person to another 转移/交接

21

daft

adj. having or showing a very abnormal or sick state of mind 神经错乱的
adj. showing or marked by a lack of good sense or judgment 不明智的

22

debilitate

vt. to impair the strength of: enfeeble 使衰弱

23

detritus

n. a product of disintegration, destruction, or wearing away: debris 废品/碎屑/遗骸

24

lank

adj. long and lean 细长瘦弱的
adj. long, straight, and limp: not stiff in structure 不僵硬的/柔软松弛的

25

sycophant

n. a servile self-seeking flatterer 马屁精

26

complacent

adj. feeling or showing an often excessive or unjustified satisfaction and pleasure in one's status, possesions, or attainments 自满的/自鸣得意的
adj. having or showing a lack of interest or concern 无所谓的/不关心的

27

sophism

n. deceptive or fallacious argumentation 假推理/诡辩

28

stifle

vt. to cut off (as the voice or breath); to keep in or hold back 抑制(声音,呼吸等);阻止,扼杀

29

covert

adj. not openly shown, engaged in, or avowed 隐蔽的/秘密的
n. a place where a person goes to hide or to avoid others 隐秘掩护所

30

retort

n. something spoken or written in reaction especially to a question, especially a quick, witty, or cutting reply (尤指机智的)回应,回答

31

nonentity

n. a person or thing of little consequence or significance 不重要的人
n. a conception or image created by the imagination and having no objective reality 虚构的东西

32

synopsis

n. a brief outline or general view; an abstract or a summary 摘要/概要

33

ostensible

adj. appearing to be true on the basis of evidence that may or may not be confirmed 表面上的/佯装的

34

absolve

v. to set free from an obligation or the consequences of guilt, exculpate 使无罪/解除责任

35

uncouth

adj. lacking in refinement or good taste 粗俗的/没有品味的

36

chicanery

n. deception by artful subterfuge or sophistry 诡计多端/欺骗

37

croon

v. to sing or speak in a gentle murmuring manner 低声歌唱或说话

38

disciple

n. one who accepts and assists in spreading the doctrines of another, follower 信徒/追随者

39

jape

v. to say or do something jokingly or mockingly 嘲弄

40

paean

n. a joyous song or hymn of praise, tribute, thanksgiving, or triumph 欢乐颂

41

pariah

n. one that is despised or rejected, outcast 被排斥或鄙视的人

42

rift

n. a break in friendly relations 分裂/不和
vt. to cause to split open or break 使开裂

43

snare

n. something that catches and holds 无法逃脱的困境
vt. to capture by or as if by use of a snare 捕捉

44

divestiture

n. the act of taking away from a person 剥夺

45

infraction

n. a failure to uphold the requirements of law, duty, or obligation 违背/违犯

46

bungle

vt. to act or work clumsily and awkwardly 办糟/失败

47

lapse

n. a slight error typically due to forgetfulness or inattention 小过失
vt. to come to an end 结束/终止

48

parable

n. a story intended to teach a basic truth or moral about life 寓言

49

refute

vt. to declare not to be true 否认
vt. to prove wrong by argument or evidence: show to be false or erroneous 证明为假/证伪

50

tepid

adj. showing little or no interest or enthusiasm 不太热心的