Unit 1- the Evolution Of Psychology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1- the Evolution Of Psychology Deck (49):
0

Psych means

The soul

1

Logos means

To study

2

Who was the father of psychology

Willian Wundt

3

Who created the first American psychology lab?

G. Stanley Hall

4

Who was the APA president?

Margaret whiton calkins

5

First female with a phD in psychology

Margaret Floyd Washburn

6

Structuralism

Breaking down mental processes to the smallest component with introspection

7

Introspection

Self report

8

Functionalism

Consciousness
Describes the purpose

9

Who was a famous functionalist

William James

10

What was functionalism influenced by

Natural selection

11

Gestalt psychology

The whole is greater than the sum of the parts

12

Sigmund freuds concept

People are not in control of their own minds

13

Who believed that people's actions came from how they coped with their sexual urges

Segmund freud

14

Behaviorists

John b Watson
Sigmund Freud

15

Who believed that organisms tend to repeat actions that give them a positive feeling

BF skinner

16

Humanism

Emphasizes quality of human potential

17

Humanists

Abraham Maslow
Carl Rogers

18

Applied psych

Deals with problems

19

What war lead to the increase of psychologists

Ww2

20

Between subjects design

2 groups. Control and experimental

21

Within subjects design

One group.

22

Naturalistic observation

Non interactive observation

23

Case study

In depth investigation into an individual subject

24

Pros of naturalistic

Less artificial

25

Cons

Reactivity issues
Doesn't translate to numbers

26

Pros of case study

Suits studying phenomena

27

Cons of case study

Highly subjective
Doesn't represent general population

28

Pros of surveys

Easy
Large scale

29

Cons of surveys

Depends on self report

30

What percentage does psych make up doctorate degrees

10

31

How many research areas

9

32

Developmental psych

Looks at human development
Primarily child development

33

Social psych

Interpersonal behavior

34

Educational psych

How people learn

35

Health psych

How psych favors relate to maintenance of physical health

36

Physiological psych

Genetic factors

37

Experimental psych

Traditional core topics

38

Cognitive psych

Focuses on higher mental process.

39

Psychometrics

Concerned with measurement of behavior and capacities. Through tests

40

Personality

Interested in understanding and describing individuals consistency I'm behavior

41

7 themes of psych

Empirical ism- knowing should be acquired through observing
Theoretically diverse
Evolves in a sociohistorical context
Behavior is determined by multiple courses
Culture shales behavior
Heredity and environment influence behavior

People's experience of the world is highly subjective

42

Social desirability bias

Giving socially accepted answers

43

Halo

Overall evaluation spills into ratings

44

Variability

How much the scores in a data set vary

45

Standard deviation

Index of the amount of variability in a set of data

46

Correlation coefficient

Number index of the degree of relationship between two variables

47

Animal research questions

Must be clear purpose
Answer important question
Best suited animals
Cared for
Acquired legally
Employ least amount of suffering

48

Human research questions

No forcing to volunteer
Informed consent
Anonymity or confidentiality
Risk
Debriefing