Unit 8- Motivation And Emotion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 8- Motivation And Emotion Deck (68):
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Motives

Needa wants interests and desires that propel people in certain directions

1

Drive

an internal state of tension that motivates and organism to engage in activities that should reduce this tension

2

Drive reduction

Returning to homeostasis

3

Incentive

External goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior

4

Where does the motivation lie with drive theories

Within (push)

5

Where does motivation lie in incentive theories?

External (pull)

6

Evolution theories

Natural selection based behavior

7

Affiliation motive

Need for belongingness

8

What part of the brain regulates biological needs

Hypothalamus

9

What recognizes fullness

Paraventricular nucleus

10

What recognizes hunger

Arcuate nucleus

11

Leptin

Obesity hormone

12

Ghrelin

Stomach contractions

13

Insulin

Comes from pancreas and extracts sugar from blood

14

Desire to perform a behavior for its own sake

Intrinsic

15

Desire to perform a behavior because of reward

Extrinsic

16

Need for belongingness

Affiliation motive

17

What factors maximize reproductive success

Achievement, affiliation, dominance, aggression, sex drives

18

Arousal theory

People experience both high and low levels of arousal being unpleasant

19

Body needs

Biological motives

20

Achievement needs

Social motives

21

Who discovered relationship between stomach contraction/hunger desire

Walter cannon

22

Brains hunger on and off

Lateral hypothalamus and ventral hypothalamus

23

Glucostatic theory

Fluctuations in blood glucose level are monitored in brain and influence hunger

24

Cells in stomach walls that signal stretching

Vagus nerve

25

Food cues

Platability
Quantity available
Variety
Presence of others

26

Being overweight

Obesity

27

Body mass index

BMI

28

Some people do inherit genetic vulnerability to obesity

Genetic predisposition

29

Indicates socially approve food intake

Normative cues

30

Characteristics of food itself

Sensory cues

31

Natural point of stability in body weight

Set point

32

Weight tends to drive around level at which the constellation of factors that determine food consumption and energy expenditure achieve an equilibrium

Settling point theory

33

Sexual response creators

Master and Johnson

34

How many stages is the sexual response cycle

4

35

Physical arousal rises rapidly in response to stimuli

Excitement phase

36

Engorgement of blood vessels

Vasocongestion

37

Physical arousal continues to build at a much slower pace

Plateau

38

What happens to women in the plateau phase

Vaginal entrance tightens

39

What happens to men in the plateau phase

Pre cum

40

When is the foreplay stage

Plateau

41

When secual arousal reaches its peak

Orgasm

42

When does BP and Hr peak

Orgasm

43

Physical arousal returns to normal

Resolution

44

What happens to men during the resolution

Refractory

45

What each sex had to invest to produce and nurture offspring

Parental investment

46

What do mean emphasize

Physical attraction and youthfulness

47

What do women emphasize

Intelligence, ambition, income, social status

48

What did Freud believe in terms of homosexuality

Gay wen raised by detached father and overprotective mother

49

The need to master difficult challenges, to outperform others

Achievement motive

50

Projective test where you respond to vague stimuli

Thematic apperception test

51

What Is emotion

Conscious experience
Bodily arousal
Characteristic overt expressions

52

Efforts to predict emotional responses to future events

Affective forecasting

53

Cognitive component

Highly personal, verbal

54

Increase in electrical conductivity of skin when swearing increases

Galvanic skin response

55

Conditioned fears

Amygdala

56

Pleasure emotions

Mesolimbic dopamine pathway

57

What does emotion depend on?

Activity in a network of interacting brain centers

58

Specific facial expressions trigger the experience of specific emotions

Facial-feedback hypothesis

59

Different emotions are accompanied by somewhat different patterns of autonomic activation

Autonomic specificity

60

James and Lange theory of emotion

Conscious experience of human emotion results from ones perception of autonomic arousal

61

Cannon and vard theory of emotion

Emotion occurs when the thalamus sends signals simultaneously to the cortex and to the autonomic nervous system

62

Schachters two factor theory

Emotion is experience by autonomic arousal and cognitive interpretation of that arousal

63

Darwins evolutionary theory on emotion

Emotions developed because of adaptive value

64

Individuals personal perceptions of their overall happiness and life satisfaction

Subjective well-being

65

Strong happy factors

Love, work, genes

66

Moderate happy factors

Health social activity religion

67

Not happy factors

Money age parenthood intelligence