Unit 11- Psychological Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 11- Psychological Disorders Deck (61):
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Medical model

Think like abnormal behavior is a disease

1

Etiology

Causation of mental illness

2

Prognosis

Forecast about the probable course of Illness

3

Deviance

Behaviors aren't the society norm

4

Maladaptive behavior

Everyday behavior is impaired

5

Personal distress

Individuals personal distress

6

What is the issue with mental illness criteria

There is no straight line

7

Study of distribution of mental disorders

Epidemiology

8

Class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety

Anxiety disorders

9

Disorder marked by a chronic high level of anxiety that is not tied with a specific threat

Generalized anxiety

10

Marked by persistent and irrational fear of an object of situation that presents bo realistic danger

Phobic disorder

11

Characterized be recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually occur suddenly and unexpectedly

Panic disorder

12

Fear of going out in public

Agoraphobia

13

Thoughts that repeatedly intrude on ones consciousness in a distressing way

Obsessions

14

Actions that one feels forced to carry out

Compulsions

15

Persistent uncontrollable intrusions of unwanted thoughts and urges to engage in senseless rituals

Obsessive compulsive disorder

16

Involves enduring psychological disturbance attributed to the experience of a major traumatic event

PTSD

17

Concordance rates

Indicate the percentage of twin pairs of other pairs of relatives who exhibit the same disorder

18

What is a risk factor of anxiety in which people overreact with fear

Anxiety sensitivity

19

What is a chemical cause of anxiety

A disturbance in the neural circuits using GABA

20

How can anxiety disorder be developed and maintained

Classical and operant

21

How are people more likely to develop fears more easily than others

Preparedness

22

What type of thinking can lead to anxiety disorders

Making situations more threatening than they are
Focussing attempting on threats
Recalling threatening info

23

What do studies suggest that anxiety disorders are related to

Stress

24

Physical ailments that cannot be fully explained by organic conditions and are largely due to psychological factors

Somatoform disorders

25

Creating an illness in your mind

Malingering

26

Marked by a history of diverse physical complaints that appear to be psychological in origin

Somatization disorder

27

Disorder characterized by a significant loss of physical function in a single organ system

Conversion disorder

28

Disorder characterized by excessive preoccupation with health concerns and incessant worry about developing physical illnesses

Hypochondriasis

29

What personality trait makes people more liked to have a somatoform disorder

Histrionic and neuroticism

30

Sick role

Growin association with being sick and undivided care and avoidance of life's challenges

31

Disorders in which people lose contact with portions of their consciousness or memory, resulting in disruptions in their sense of identity

Dissociative disorders

32

Sudden loss of memory for important personal info that is too extensive to be due to normal forgetting

Dissociative amnesia

33

Moments in which people forget their identity

Fugue

34

Involves coexistence in one person of two or more largely complete and usually very difference personalities

Dissociative identity disorder

35

What personality traits are associated with dissociative disorders

Fantasy proneness and a tendency to become intensely absorbed in personal experience

36

Spanos theory of DD

North American culture creates these disorders

37

Class of disorders marked by emotional disturbances of varied kinds that may spill over to disrupt physical perceptual social and thought process

Mood disorders

38

When people show persistent feelings of sadness and despair and a loss of interest in previous sources of pleasure

Major depressive disorder

39

Chronic depression that is insufficient in severity

Dysthymic disorder

40

Disorder characterized by the experience of one or more manic episodes as well as periods of depression

Bipolar disorder

41

Chronic but mild symptoms of bipolar disturbances

Cyclothymic disorder

42

What chemicals are mood disorders associated with

Serotonin and norepinephrine

43

What part of the brain is said to play a major role in mood disorders

Hippocampus

44

Theory of learned helplessness

Giving up behavior produced by exposure to unavoidable aversive events

45

How much does genetics play a role in schizophrenia

Two thirds

46

What neurochemical is associated with schiz

Dopamine excess

47

What structure of the brain increases schiz

An enlarged brain ventricle

48

Neurodevelopmental hypothesis

Schiz is caused in part by various disruptions in the normal maturational processes of the brain before or at birth

49

The degree to which a relative of s patient displays highly critical or emotionally over involved attitudes toward the patient

Expressed emotion

50

Class of disorders marked by extreme inflexible personality traits that cause subjective distress or impaired social and occupational functioning

Personality disorders

51

What are the three personality disorder groups

Anxious fearful, odd eccentric, and dramatic impulsive

52

Disorde marked by impulsive callous manipulative aggressive and irresponsible behavior that reflects a failure to accept social norms

Antisocial personality disorder

53

Culture bound disorders

Abnormal syndromes found only in a few cultural groups

54

Realistic view

No universal standards

55

Pan cultural view

Criteria of mental illness are same around the world

56

Severe disturbance in eating behavior characterized by preoccupation with weight and unhealthy efforts to control weight

Eating disorders

57

Intense fear of gaining weight, disturbed body image, refusal to maintain normal weight, and use of dangerous measures to lose weight

Anorexia nervosa

58

Out of control eating following by extreme compensatory efforts

Bulima nervosa

59

Distress inducing eating that are no accompanied by purging

Binge eating

60

Appetite for non nutritious foods

Pica