Unit 10- Personality Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 10- Personality Deck (65):
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Personality

An individual's unique constellation of consistent behavioral traits

1

Personality trait

Unable disposition to behave in a particular way in a variety of situations

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Factor analysis

Correlations among many variables are analyzed to identify closely related clusters of variables

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Who created factor analysis and got 171 traits to 16

Raymond Cattell

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How many basic dimensions are in favor analysis

16

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Who created the five factor model

Robert McRae and Paul costa

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What factor from the big 5 correlates with: worried insecure self pitying

Neuroticism

7

Neuroticism

Negative emotions

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What factor from the big 5 correlates with: sociable fun loving affectionate

Extroversion

9

Extraversion

Positive emotion

10

What factor from the big 5 correlates with: imaginative preference for variety independent

Openness to experience

11

What factor from the big 5 correlates with: softhearted trusting helpful

Agreeableness

12

What factor from the big 5 correlates with: well organized careful self disciplines

Conscientious

13

What are liberals most likely to score high in?

Openness to experience

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Structure of personality is composed of

Id ego superego

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Primitive component of personality that operates according to the pleasure principle

Id

16

Decision making component of personality that operates according to the reality principle

Ego

17

Reality principle

Seeks to delay gratification of the ids urges until appropriate outlets and situations can be found

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Moral component of personality that incorporates social standards about what represents right and wrong

Superego

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Consists of whatever one is aware of at a particular moment

Conscious

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Contains material just beneath the surface of awareness that can easily be retrieved

Preconscious

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Contains thoughts memories and desires that are well below the surface of conscious awareness but that nonetheless exert great influence of behavior

Unconscious

22

What urges control sigmund freuds psychoanalytic theory

Sexual urges and aggression

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Unconscious reactions that protect a person from unpleasant emotions like anxiety and guilt

Defense mechanisms

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Creating false but plausible excuses to justify unacceptable behavior

Rationalization

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Keeping distressing thoughts and feelings buried in the unconscious

Repression

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Attributing ones own thoughts feelings or motives to another

Projection

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Diverting emotional feelings from their original source to a sub target

Displacement

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Reversion to immature patterns of behavior

Regression

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Bolstering self esteem by forming an imaginary or real alliance with some person or group

Identification

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Psychosexual stages

Developmental periods with a characteristic sexual focus that leave their mark on adult personality

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Fixation

Failure to move forward from one stage to another as expected

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Oedipal complex

Children manifest erotically tinged desires for their opposite sex parent accompanied with hostility toward their same sex parent

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What is carl jungs version of the unconscious

Personal unconscious

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What is the deeper layer of the personal unconscious

Collective unconscious

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Emotionally charged images and thought forms that have universal meaning

Archetypes

36

What does Alfred Adler focus his psychoanalytical theory on

Superiority

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Compensation

Involves efforts to overcome imagines of real inferiorities by developing ones ability

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Exaggerated feelinga of weakness

Inferiority complex

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Theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology should study only observable behavior

Behaviorism

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Skinners view of a persons personality

Collection of response tendencies that are ties to various stimulus situations

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Social learning theory creator

Albert bandura

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Reciprocal determinism

Environment determines behavior but behavior determines environment

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Observational learning

Occurs when an organisms responding is influenced by the observation of others

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Ones belief abouf ones ability to perform behaviors that should lead to expected outcomes

Self efficiency

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Humanism

Theory that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans, especially their freedom and their potential for personal growth

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Phenomenological approach

Assumes that one has to appreciate individual's personal experiences to rules understand their behavior

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Founder of human potential movement

Carl Rogers

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Person centered theory

Emphasis on persons subjective point of view

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Collection of beliefs about ones own nature

Self concept

50

Degree of disparity between ones self concept and ones actual experience

In congruence

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Hierarchy of needs

Systematic arrangement of needs according to priority in which basic needs must be met before less basic

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Who created the theory of self actualization

Carl Maslow

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Need for self actualization

Need to fulfill ones potential

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Hans Eysenck believes

Peoples personalitys come from their genes

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Eysenck believes that personality traits come from what things?

Extra version, neuroticism, and psychoticism

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University of Minnesota study

Test on fraternal twins reared apart

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Terror management theory

Culture provides ways to the world that solve the existential crisis engendered by the awareness of death

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Widely used self report inventory

Mmpi

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How many personality traits are measured in the mmpi

10

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Who created the 16pf

Cattell

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What test measures the big 5

NEO

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Projective tests

Ask participants to respond to vague ambiguous stimuli in ways they may reveal the subjects needs feelings and personality traits

63

Ink blots

Rorschach

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TAT

Pictures with stories