Unit 10 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 10 Deck (114):
1

abduction

movement away from the midline

2

aberrant

wandering away from the norm

3

ablactation

weaning a baby from the breast

4

ablation

takes away a layer or destroys a tissue layer

5

abnormal

unusual (not normal)

6

aboral

away from the mouth

7

abortion

termination of pregnancy

8

abrasion

scraping

9

adduction

movement toward the midline

10

aerophilia

attraction to air

11

anhidrosis

absence of sweating

12

anisocytosis

cells of unequal sizes

13

anisomastia

breasts of unequal size

14

autodermic

plastic surgery using one's own skin

15

autodiagnosis

diagnosing one's self

16

autogenous

made by one's own tissue

17

autograft

graft of tissue from one's own body

18

autohemotherapy

transfusion with one's own blood

19

autoimmunity

reaction of immune response to one's own tissues

20

autologous

originating from one's self

21

autonomic

self-controlling part of the nervous system

22

autophagia

biting one's self

23

autophilia

attraction to one's self

24

autophobia

abnormal fear of one's self, being alone

25

autopsy

necropsy, postmorten examination, exam to confirm cause of death

26

centigram

one hundredth of a gram

27

centimeter

one hundredth of a meter

28

cholangiopancreatography

xray of bile ducts and pancreatic ducts

29

circumduction

moving as to describe a circle with a body part

30

circumocular

encircling the eye

31

circumscribed

encircling or the shape of a circle

32

cytoplasm

substance within the cell

33

decagram

ten grams

34

decalcification

calcium loss

35

decaliter

ten liters

36

deciduous

falls down (primary teeth come out)

37

decigram

one tenth of a gram

38

deciliter

one tenth of a liter

39

dehydration

water loss

40

descending

moving downward

41

diaphoresis

excessive sweating

42

deathermy

heat through tissue

43

diuresis

increase in urine output

44

epilepsy

disorder characterized by seizures

45

excision

removing a body part

46

excretion

removal of waste

47

exhale

breathe out

48

extension

to straighten or lengthen a body part

49

extraction

removal or pulling out of a body part

50

flexion

to shorten or bend a body part

51

glycogenesis

formation of glycogen or sugar

52

glycohemoglobin

hemoglobin with attached glucose

53

hematophilia

attraction to blood

54

hidrosis

condition of sweating

55

hydrophilia

attraction to water

56

hydrophobia

fear of water

57

hyperpyrexia

high fever

58

hyperglycemia

high blood glucose level

59

hypoglycemia

low blood glucose level

60

immunodeficiency

poor immune system

61

isocellular

equal size cells

62

isodactylism

digits the same length

63

isometric

measure the same on all sides

64

isotonic

equal osmotic pressure equal to the inside of a cell

65

laparoscopy

examination of the abdomen with a scope

66

laparotomy

incision into the abdomen

67

mastectomy

excision of breast tissue

68

mastocarcinoma

breast cancer

69

milligram

one thousandth of a gram

70

millimeter

one thousandth of a meter

71

monocyte

one cell

72

monocytosis

increase in the number of one cell

73

monoma

a single tumor

74

monomyoplegia

paralysis of one muscle

75

mononeural

involving one nerve

76

mononuclear

having one nucleus

77

mononucleosis

viral infection causing monocytosis

78

multicapsular

having more than one capsule

79

multicellular

having or involving many cells

80

multiglandular

having or involving many glands

81

multinuclear

a cell having more than one nucleus

82

multipara

having many live births

83

necrectomy

excision of dead tissue

84

necrocytosis

condition of cell death or decomposition

85

necroparasite

organism that lives off dead tissue

86

necrophobia

abnormal fear of dead bodies

87

necrotic

pertaining to necrosis (condition of dead tissue)

88

necrotomy

incision into dead tissue

89

nocturnal enuresis

bedwetting

90

nullipara

having no pregnancies carried to the third trimester

91

omphalotomy

incision into the navel

92

percussion

striking or tapping

93

percutaneous

through the skin

94

perforation

puncturing

95

perfusion

supplying blood to tissues

96

periarticular

area surrounding a joint

97

pericardiectomy

excision of the membrane around the heart

98

pericolic

area surrounding the large intestine

99

perihepatitis

inflammation around the liver

100

peritonsillar

area surround the tonsils

101

postmortem

after death

102

primigravida

first pregnancy

103

primipara

first live birth

104

pyrexia

fever

105

pyrolysis

destruction of tissue caused by fever

106

pyromania

complusion/madness caused by fever

107

pyrometer

thermometer

108

pyrophilia

attraction to fire

109

pyrophobia

abnormal fear of fire

110

pyrosis

heartburn

111

pyrotoxin

poisonous by-product of metabolism created during fever

112

transluminal

across the lumen

113

vaccination

immunization

114

vaccine

substance used to stimulate an immune response for immunization