unit 15 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > unit 15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in unit 15 Deck (126):
1

abrasion

scrape

2

adrenergic

activated epinephrine

3

adrenocorticoid

hormone manufactured in the adrenal cortex

4

adrenolysis

destruction of the adrenal glands

5

adrenomegaly

enlarged adrenal glands

6

ambiopia

separate images from each eye

7

alopecia

baldness

8

ambivalence

unable to decide, wavering on both sides

9

anisocoria

pupils of unequal size

10

blepharedema

swelling of the eyelid

11

blepharoplasty

plastic surgery of the eyelid

12

blepharoptosis

prolapse of the upper eyelid

13

blepharorrhaphy

suturing of the eyelid

14

blepharospasm

twitching of the eyelid

15

cataract

opacity on the lens

16

cloropia

seeing green

17

contusion

bruise

18

corectasia

dilation of the pupil

19

corectopia

displaced pupil

20

corelysis

destruction of the pupil

21

coreometer

instrument to measure pupil size

22

coreoplasty

surgical repair of the pupil

23

corneoiritis

inflammation of the cornea and iris

24

corneoscleral

pertaining to the cornea and the sclera

25

cyclokeratitis

inflammation of the ciliary body and the cornea

26

cycloplegia

paralysis of the ciliary body

27

cytophagy

destruction of other cells by phagocytes

28

dacryoadenalgia

pain in the tear gland

29

dacryocystitis

inflammation of the tear sac

30

dacryocystocele

herniation of a tear sac

31

dacryocystoptosis

prolapse of the tear sac

32

dacryocystotome

instrument for incision of a tear sac

33

dacryolith

stone in the tear duct or sac

34

dacryoma

tumor of the tear duct tissue

35

dacryopyorrhea

flow of pus from the tear gland

36

degeneration

breakdown due to aging

37

diabetes

disease characterized by hyperglycemia and lack of insulin

38

diascope

through a scope

39

diopter

measurement unit of refraction

40

diplopia

double vision

41

edema

swelling

42

endocrine

glands that secrete hormones

43

endocrinologist

specialist who studies and treats disorders of the endocrine system

44

endocrinology

the study of the endocrine system

45

epinephrine

hormone produced by the adrenal medulla

46

erythropia

seeing red

47

esotropia

condition in which the eye points inward

48

estrogen

female hormone

49

euphoria

feeling good

50

evulsion

a tearing away

51

exotropia

condition in which the eye points outward

52

fracture

break

53

glaucoma

condition in which the intraocular aqueous humor pressure is high

54

hormones

substances secreted by endocrine glands that affect body processes

55

hyperglycemia

high blood sugar

56

hyperopia

farsightedness

57

hypertropia

condition in which the yes point upward

58

hyperthyroidism

overactive thyroid condition

59

hypotropia

condition in which the eyes point downard

60

hypothyroidism

underactive thyroid condition

61

insulin

pancreatic protein hormone

62

iridalgia

iris pain

63

iridectomy

excision of the iris

64

irdocele

herniation of the iris

65

iridomalacia

softening of the iris

66

iridoplegia

paralysis of the iris

67

iridoptosis

prolapse of the iris

68

iridorrhexis

rupture of the iris

69

keratectasia

protrusion of a thin scarred cornea

70

keratorrhexis

rupture of the cornea

71

keratoscleritis

inflammation of the cornea and sclera

72

keratotomy

incision into the cornea

73

laceration

a cut

74

lacrimal

pertaining to tearing

75

macrophage

large cell that eats cells

76

macular

pertaining to the macula of the eye

77

microphage

a small cell that eats cells

78

myopia

nearsightedness

79

nasolacrimal

pertaining to the nose and tear ducts

80

onychocryptosis

ingrown nail

81

onychoid

resembling a nail

82

onychoma

nail tumor

83

onychomalacia

softening of the nails

84

onchomycosis

fungus of the nail

85

onychophagia

nail biting

86

ophthalmalgia

eye pain

87

ophthalmic

pertaining to the eye

88

ophthalmocele

herniation of the eye

89

ophthalmologist

physician specialist in treatment of eye disease

90

ophthalmometer

instrument used to measure the eye

91

ophthalmopathy

any disease of the eye

92

ophthalmoplasty

surgical repair of the eye

93

ophthalmoplegia

ocular muscle paralysis

94

ophthalmoscope

instrument used to examine the interior of the eye

95

ophthalmoscopy

process of using an ophthalmoscope

96

optic

pertaining to vision

97

optometrist

specialist in assessing and treating visual acuity problems (limited license)

98

optometry

the measurement of vision

99

paronychia

condition of infection around a nail

100

phacocele

protrusion of the lens of the eye

101

phacoemulsification

procedure to disintegrate the lens for insertion of lens implant

102

phagocyte

cell that eats cells

103

phorometer

instrument used to measure ocular muscle movement

104

phoropter

instrument used to measure prescription strength lenses

105

presbyopia

old eye, loss of accommodation

106

puncture

to make a hole

107

retinal

pertaining to the retina

108

retinitis

inflammation of the retina

109

retinopexy

fixation of the retina

110

retinoscope

instrument used to look at the retina

111

sclerectomy

excision of the sclera

112

sclerostomy

make a new opening in the sclera

113

steroid

lipid bioregulator hormone

114

strabismus

malposition of the eye

115

suprarenal

upon the kidney (adrenal glands)

116

testosterone

hormone produced in the testes

117

thyroidectomy

excision of the thyroid

118

thyroxine

thyroid hormone

119

traumatology

the study of wound treatment

120

trichoglossia

condition of hair growth on the tongue

121

trichoid

resembling hair

122

trichopathy

any hair disease

123

trichophagia

condition in which the person bites on or eats hair

124

trichophobia

fear of hair growth or touching hair

125

uremia

urine in blood

126

xanthopia

seeing yellow